Healthy gums are very soft pink and look firm; In addition, they are not tender to the touch and do not bleed. Meanwhile, inflamed gums have a reddish color and a soft texture ; They have a great sensitivity to the touch and bleeding gums occurs .
One aspect that needs to be paid special attention is how often the gums bleed. And is that bleeding can occur for many reasons, such as hurting yourself with a certain hard food. The problem occurs when the bleeding recurs frequently.
Causes of bleeding gums
Here are the main causes of bleeding gums.
In a high percentage of cases, gum bleeding is due to improper oral hygiene : not brushing your teeth as often as possible, not flossing … It is very important to maintain optimal oral hygiene to prevent the gums from bleeding.
Incorrect feeding can also lead to bleeding gums. And the deficiency vitamin K can cause this condition as it is an essential nutrient for the production and operation of a set of proteins related to coagulation.
It is precisely tobacco one of the main enemies of health in general. In the case of bleeding gums, smoking is one of the highest risk factors .
Certain diseases like the diabetes , HIV or leukemia can cause inflammation and bleeding gums.
Pregnancy and menopause are two key moments in a woman’s life, in which great hormonal changes take place. Thus, the oral tissue becomes more sensitive and, therefore, the risk of bleeding gums is greater.
Gingivitis is a bacterial oral disease that causes inflammation and bleeding of the gums; In the vast majority of cases it arises from poor oral hygiene, as a result of the remains of food that remain between the teeth.
The symptoms of gingivitis are relatively easy to detect: frequent gum bleeding, bright red gums that are very tender to the touch , and mouth ulcers. It is essential before these warning signs to go to the dentist to prevent it from leading to periodontitis; a condition that can lead to bone loss and thus tooth loss.
Treatment for bleeding gums
Treatment for bleeding gums depends largely on the diagnosis and the cause that caused this condition.
In milder cases, bleeding can be stopped by simply using a gum rinse . In addition, proper brushing is essential to repair inflamed tissues.
In those cases in which heavy bleeding occurs, it is essential to go to the dentist. The professional will perform an examination of the gums to assess the state in which they are. If there have been no major complications, a professional cleaning is enough to eliminate the accumulated bacterial plaque and treat the inflamed tissue.
Periodonditis is a serious condition that occurs when the inflammation of the gums, gingivitis, has not been treated. Thus, the infection spreads from the gums to the bone that supports the front pieces. In this way, if all or part of the bracket is lost, the teeth can loosen and fall out.
Plaque and tartar accumulate at the base of the teeth, causing inflammation due to the formation of pockets between the teeth and the gum. If the inflammation is not treated, it can lead to damage to the tissues and bone surrounding the tooth.
The symptoms of periodondititis are relatively easy to detect: bad breath, gums that are red and shiny, gums that bleed easily and swollen, and loose teeth.
Complications of bleeding gums
The most common cause of gum bleeding is a lack of proper hygiene. Although this condition in itself does not imply seriousness, it is important to go to the dentist at the slightest symptom.
Otherwise, the bacteria can reach and infect the gums, thus leading to what is known as gingivitis ; If the proper treatment is not established, it can affect the bone . A very complicated situation that can even cause the loss of teeth.
In the most severe cases, the infection reaches the blood, thus generating a generalized infection in the body. A very serious health problem that in certain cases can be fatal.
Bleeding gums: home care
If your gums bleed every time you brush your teeth, or even without doing it, here are a series of tips and advice that are worth taking into account. It is simply a matter of maintaining optimal daily dental hygiene.
- Brushing: It is essential to brush your teeth three times a day, after each main meal. The estimated time for a good brushing is 3 minutes and there are a number of factors to assess. On the one hand, the toothpaste must be antibacterial, with fluoride. On the other hand, it is best to use a soft bristle brush. And finally, in relation to brushing itself, it should be done with circular movements around each tooth.
- Dental floss: after brushing, it is advisable to use dental floss to remove the remains of food that have remained between the teeth.
- Mouthwash: in the same way, it is convenient to use an antiseptic mouthwash a couple of times a day.
- Cleaning: to avoid and / or combat bleeding gums, the ideal is to perform an oral cleaning once a year in order to remove accumulated tartar.
We also leave you a video that perfectly explains the ideal hygiene technique with a manual brush. Very interesting and instructive:
Home remedies for bleeding gums
If your gums bleed, you should know that there is a large selection of home remedies that can be of great help to minimize this symptom.
Water with salt
One of the simplest home remedies, but at the same time most effective, to treat bleeding gums. You simply have to prepare a warm salt water rinse ; it is well known that salt has antiseptic properties. In addition, it greatly helps the blood in the gums circulate more easily, thus preventing inflammation and bleeding.
Thyme is a natural ingredient that has been used since ancient times to treat those cases in which one or more teeth are loose. And it is that thyme strengthens the teeth in depth .
The preparation is so easy. You just have to bring water to a boil and, when it reaches its boiling point, add a tablespoon of thyme root. Let cook for a couple of minutes, remove, strain, let it warm for a few seconds, and take taking small sips.
The avocado is another great home remedies to treat bleeding gums . The application is very easy. It is enough to cut the avocado in half and rub the gums with it; in this way, the gums are greatly strengthened at the same time as the teeth are strengthened.
A very effective natural ingredient for treating gum inflammation . You must prepare this home remedy in the following way.
You just have to place five fresh mint leaves in half a glass of boiling water and let it steep for 15 minutes. Once the time has elapsed, store in the fridge for 5 minutes. Then you can do the rinsing; the ideal is to do it three times a day, after each brushing.
Aloe vera is one of the natural plants with the greatest number of properties and benefits for our body. Aloe vera works wonders to reduce inflammation and fight possible infections .
You simply have to get a branch of the aloe vera plant. Open it with the help of a knife to extract the gel that is inside and massage the gums with it; you must do it gently so that it absorbs well.
The coconut oil is another great home remedies to treat bleeding gums. For one thing, it effectively fights the bacteria that are causing gum bleeding. And, on the other hand, it significantly reduces inflammation.
Using coconut oil as a home remedy for bleeding gums is very simple. You just have to put a teaspoon of this oil on your toothbrush and brush as you usually do. Then, rinse with water and continue cleaning your mouth in the normal way, with the toothpaste that you usually use.
Finally, it is worth noting that in the face of abundant gum bleeding that occurs frequently, it is important to see a specialist to prevent it from getting worse and the problem becoming chronic.
Hello Readers, I am Nikki Bella a Psychology student. I have always been concerned about human behavior and the mental processes that lead us to act and think the way we do. My collaboration as an editor in the psychology area of Well Being Pole has allowed me to investigate further and expand my knowledge in the field of mental health; I have also acquired great knowledge about physical health and well-being, two fundamental bases that are directly related and are part of all mental health.