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Climate and its effects on health


Climate changes will always have a favorable or unfavorable influence on living beings, depending on the specific circumstances and the adaptation and acclimatization capacity of each subject.

These environmental factors can be the origin of visible changes in the subjects affected by certain processes, since climatic factors can have a significant impact on those people endowed with special sensitivity.

Rheumatic conditions

For this type of patients, humidity, cold, winds and rains act as unfavorable factors, among others, and, as favorable, high temperatures between 20º C and 30º C, the absence of winds and dry and sunny areas with low relative humidity, that is, it does not exceed 60%.

The most favorable climates for rheumatic patients or those with traumatic sequelae are those of the plains and low mountains, provided they present the characteristics mentioned above.

They can even benefit from the maritime climate, when it is not excessively stimulating and they are sunny areas protected from the winds, and whose only non-favorable factor is excessively high relative humidity.

Respiratory conditions

The existence of climatic circumstances with clean air, with adequate temperature and humidity, can improve the trophism of the respiratory mucosa, stimulate ciliary motility and mucous secretions. Excessively dry environments can hinder ciliary motility and secretions. On the contrary, excessively humid environments can favor the development of germs.

A pure environment, with adequate temperature and humidity, which can include both the plain and the coastal climate, if protected from the winds, is favorable for the improvement of catarrhal processes in highways. In atrophic forms, the stimulating maritime climate can be beneficial, but always if it is protected from winds and large changes in temperature, which can favor the appearance of acute processes.

Given these dysfunctions of the respiratory system, the most advisable climate is that of the high plains and mid-mountains, as long as it is protected from the winds and the average relative humidity varies between 50% and 65%, since the composition of the pure air and the Atmospheric pressure are favorable for good mucosal trophism.

A few years ago, these climatic treatments were very useful in tuberculosis processes. Currently, after the appearance of specific chemotherapy, these cures have fallen into oblivion, although they have not lost their effectiveness for this reason, and may be a positive complement to current therapy

Kidney disease

The lowland and mid-altitude climate is beneficial for this type of patient.

They are patients who evolve well with the heat, provided that the water losses due to sweating are compensated with an abundant intake of water; on the contrary, they respond negatively to cold, since it causes alteration of glomerular filtration.

Dermatological conditions

Climatic factors have a very direct influence on the skin lining, being able to act significantly on different skin conditions.

The mountain and maritime climates, due to their high solar radiation, act favorably in different dermatoses, highlighting psoriasis , which benefits from the maritime climate, especially if it is associated with thalassotherapy and heliotherapy techniques.

In irritative and pruritic processes, we must avoid stimulating climates because they can aggravate the specific symptoms.

Allergic conditions

Faced with allergic conditions, climate cures and climate changes can be of great interest. Reactions to exogenous allergic factors can be solved by changing the place in the periods in which the allergic agent is present in that certain area.

For respiratory allergy processes, the most favorable climate is the mid-mountain climate with altitudes close to 800 meters. This favorable effect involves the purity of the air, with the absence of allergenic factors, the reduction of atmospheric pressure and oxygen tension, which improve respiratory dynamics.

Different authors point out that, in asthmatic patients, the mountain climate improves the conditions of pulmonary ventilation, producing an increase in respiratory volume per minute, and a decrease in reserve air without significant variations in respiratory rate.

Another climate that can also be beneficial for allergic processes is the maritime one, due to the purity of the air, especially if we move away from the coast, and the richness in that of the elements that mineralize sea water, also intervening the high relative humidity and constant temperature and atmospheric pressure. This set of properties will produce a stimulating effect, especially in the first days, which will favor the activation of organic functions, to become sedative in a later phase, producing a decrease in heart and respiratory rates and an increase in amplitude. of respiratory movements. At the same time there is a sympathetic predominance, favorable in allergic processes.

This stimulating effect is not beneficial in principle for adult asthmatics, but it has produced very good results in asthmatic children, if progressive acclimatization is carried out, their response is carefully analyzed and they are kept in this climate for a long period of time. In these cases, the state of the air is of vital importance, since if it is polluted by the presence of factories with polluting atmospheric emissions, these will be responsible for triggering asthmatic crises in children.

For this reason, it is necessary to assess climates taking into account their special circumstances, since, in the same climate, these variations can determine totally opposite effects.

In the adult asthmatic we will avoid the maritime climate and seek the benefits of the mid-mountain climate, which improves bronchial spasm, reduces hypersecretion and increases the favorable sympathetic effect.

In allergic skin manifestations, climate change favors symptomatic improvements. The most favorable climate is the one between 700 and 1500 meters, avoiding the maritime climate and the sun, especially in the most acute phases. This will depend on individual characteristics, as it will depend on the evolutionary state and the special circumstances of the maritime zone.


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Hello Readers, I am Nikki Bella a Psychology student. I have always been concerned about human behavior and the mental processes that lead us to act and think the way we do. My collaboration as an editor in the psychology area of ​​Well Being Pole has allowed me to investigate further and expand my knowledge in the field of mental health; I have also acquired great knowledge about physical health and well-being, two fundamental bases that are directly related and are part of all mental health.

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