The cystitis is inflammation and infection of the bladder or lower urinary tract. It is caused by bacteria and causes symptoms such as the urge to urinate frequently and pain or stinging during urination. Cystitis is a more common condition among women, since women have shorter urethra than men and it is closer to the anus, which makes it easier for bacteria to enter the vagina and reach the urethra and bladder.
Causes of cystitis
The main cause of cystitis is intestinal bacteria, which, from the anus, enter the urethra and then pass into the bladder causing an infection, which usually develops in the bladder but can also spread and reach the kidneys. Most of the time the bacteria responsible for this infection is Escherichia coli , in fact, it is responsible for 80% of cases of acute cystitis.
There are different situations and conditions that can facilitate the entry of bacteria into the urethra and the appearance of an infection. These include the following:
- Poor intimate hygiene habits: the bacteria present in the rectal area can reach the urethra more easily if after using the bathroom, the genital area is cleaned from back to front.
- Birth defects of the urinary tract: There may be a birth defect that prevents the bladder from emptying completely.
- Enlarged prostate: if the prostate increases its normal size, it can make it difficult to empty the bladder and that there is a permanent urine residue in it.
- Patients with a urinary catheter: people who carry a urinary catheter may have injuries, produced during the change of the catheter, which can increase the chances of developing an infection.
- Bowel incontinence
- Diabetes .
- Using a diaphragm for birth control.
In addition to the above, women have a higher risk of suffering from cystitis after menopause , when having rough sex and if they use aggressive or irritating intimate hygiene products.
Symptoms of cystitis
When cystitis causes symptoms, patients may have the following:
- Cloudy, cloudy urine, with a strong odor and even with the presence of blood.
- Urgent need to urinate frequently, even after you have emptied your bladder.
- Pain, itching or burning when urinating.
- Discomfort or cramps in the lower abdomen or back.
- Low-grade fever or low- grade fever . When the fever is higher, the possibility of a more serious infection, such as acute pyelonephritis , should be suspected .
- In the case of the elderly, they may observe as the only symptoms of cystitis, weakness, confusion, fever and falls.
A urine sample is collected to, on the one hand, analyze it and look for white blood cells, red blood cells, microorganisms and examine chemicals. In addition to this, a urine culture may be necessary, that is, analyzing a clean urine sample to find out which bacteria are causing the infection and decide on the appropriate treatment.
The treatment of cystitis will depend in each case on the degree of complication of the infection and the risk factors. Usually, a treatment with antibiotic drugs is prescribed to kill the microorganisms responsible for the infection, relieve symptoms and avoid possible complications.
In the case of simple infections, the antibiotic treatment usually lasts 3 days in the case of women and between 7 and 14 days in men. When bladder infection presents with complications, such as during pregnancy, in diabetic patients, or with a mild kidney infection, treatment can also last for one to two weeks.
It is important to finish treatment completely, even if symptoms have gone away before. Otherwise, you can develop an infection that is more difficult to treat.
When urinary tract infections are recurrent, antibiotic treatment can last longer and the patient can be referred to a urologist or nephrologist, a doctor specializing in urinary tract conditions.
On the other hand, taking over-the-counter medications that reduce the concentration of bacteria in the urine, such as ascorbic acid, may be advised.
Measures to prevent cystitis
With some changes in lifestyle, cystitis can be effectively prevented, the most important to do are the following:
- Drink plenty of fluids throughout the day, at least 2 liters of water. Thus, the cleaning of the bladder is favored.
- Urinate when you want and do not avoid the urge to go to the bathroom.
- Urinate immediately after sexual intercourse to eliminate bacteria that may have entered the female body during intercourse.
- After using the bathroom, always clean the genital area from front to back and never vice versa.
- Avoid harsh douching and irritating intimate hygiene products.
- Do not stay too long in wet clothes after bathing or playing sports.
- As a natural remedy for cystitis, blueberry juice stands out, as these small fruits promote acidification of the urine, thus promoting the expulsion of germs from the body. In addition, they also prevent bacteria from sticking to the bladder walls.
Hello Readers, I am Nikki Bella a Psychology student. I have always been concerned about human behavior and the mental processes that lead us to act and think the way we do. My collaboration as an editor in the psychology area of Well Being Pole has allowed me to investigate further and expand my knowledge in the field of mental health; I have also acquired great knowledge about physical health and well-being, two fundamental bases that are directly related and are part of all mental health.