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Dyspepsia is a digestive disorder that affects approximately 30% of the population. This condition is better known by the name of indigestion and is characterized by causing a series of very annoying symptoms in the upper abdomen shortly after eating meals.

Dyspepsia is not associated with a stomach or digestive disease that justifies its cause, but is usually caused by emotional problems and lethal combinations of foods.

Currently, different types of dyspepsia are recognized and since it is a temporary discomfort, it is not usually necessary to go to the doctor or take treatment. Now, what happens when a person begins to suffer from frequent indigestion? Given this scenario, it will be necessary to go to the doctor to review why dyspepsia occurs on a recurring basis and rule out the presence of certain bacteria in the intestinal tract. To learn more about what it is, its causes, symptoms and treatment, we invite you to stay with us.

What is dyspepsia?

It is a discomfort that appears in the upper part of the stomach or in the belly during or after eating. The symptoms of this condition take place in the gastrointestinal tract because the stomach does not relax during feeding and stomach acids come into contact with the lining of the digestive system. It is usually a temporary, one-time discomfort that is relieved without the need for medication. However, some people suffer from recurrent dyspepsia, this being a very important reason to attend a medical consultation.

Symptoms of dyspepsia

Dyspepsia can cause several symptoms, but the most characteristic is a fairly pronounced discomfort in the upper part of the stomach that can present as pain, burning or both. This symptom can appear while the person is eating. Indigestion can also be felt in the following ways:

  • Burning, pain and heat between the navel and the breastbone.
  • Feeling of great fullness, as if the food had not gone down to the stomach.
  • Feeling of abdominal swelling
  • Gases
  • Feeling of fullness shortly after starting to eat.

Burning sensation in the center of the chest, pain that eases after a bowel movement, heartburn or gastric reflux are not considered symptoms of indigestion. Likewise, there are other bodily manifestations that can occur in conjunction with dyspepsia and that represent a reason for medical consultation, let’s see what they are:

  • Frequent indigestion symptoms and unexplained weight loss.
  • Passing bloody stools .
  • Difficulty swallowing or swallowing food.
  • Pain in the upper left part of the abdomen.
  • Vomiting
  • Chest pain spreading to the jaw or right arm.
  • Sweating or shortness of breath

Types of dyspepsia

Depending on the origin of the symptoms, we currently find three types:

  • Dyspepsia not investigated – Occurring for the first time or no test has been done to determine the cause of indigestion
  • Organic dyspepsia: after performing a series of diagnostic tests the doctor has discovered that it has an organic cause that is responsible for the symptoms.
  • Functional dyspepsia: A number of medical studies have been conducted and no cause or disease has been found to justify the dyspepsia.
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Digestive diseases and problems associated with dyspepsia

Dyspepsia is not exclusive to the digestive system . When it is found to be organic, meaning that it is caused by some condition or disease, the problem may be present in the gastrointestinal system or elsewhere in the human body.

Digestive conditions associated with organic dyspepsia

Among the digestive problems that cause dyspepsia, the gastric or duodenal ulcer stands out, which can be generated when the person has consumed anti-inflammatory drugs for a long time or by having the bacterium Helicobacter pylori.

Another cause of dyspepsia is gastroesophageal reflux, a condition that occurs when the contents of the stomach pass into the esophagus and irritate it considerably. In this case, indigestion is accompanied by heartburn, burning in the chest, cough and respiratory problems.

Other associated but less common conditions are pancreatitis, biliary colic, celiac disease, lactose or casein intolerance, intestinal ischemia, inflammatory bowel disease, and gastroenteritis.

Non-digestive conditions associated with dyspepsia

People with advanced diabetes mellitus and damage to the central nervous system , often have very painful indigestion because the nervous system is responsible for controlling gastric functioning during digestion . Likewise, thyroid conditions, lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, kidney failure, and the use of antibiotic and hormonal medications are also related to dyspepsia.

Diagnosis and treatment of dyspepsia

To diagnose whether it is functional or organic dyspepsia, the first thing to do is to carry out a complete evaluation of the patient’s symptoms and correctly determine what the discomfort consists of (pain, burning, burning, fullness, nausea).

Then a physical examination should be carried out, which is usually normal in cases of functional dyspepsia and may be accompanied by pain to the touch in certain parts of the abdomen when it is organic due to digestive causes. A lump in the abdomen, yellow skin, heartburn, nausea, chest pain, or swollen glands are some symptoms that will tell the doctor that tests are needed to find out the cause of the problem.

Among the studies that are usually carried out to find out the cause of organic dyspepsia we find:

  • Blood tests.
  • Endoscopy or gastroscopy .
  • Upper digestive endoscopy in people aged 44 and over.
  • Helicobacter Pylori test.

The treatment of this condition will consist mainly of attending to the cause, so it can vary depending on the health status of the person. There are therefore several options available . The consumption of gastric protective medications is of great help in those who are diagnosed with reflux disease. Likewise, those people with Helicobacter pylori dyspepsia should adjust their diet and maintain a treatment of medications until the bacteria are eradicated. Dyspepsia due to excessive consumption of anti-inflammatory drugs is combated by stopping the consumption of these drugs. Try to use natural anti-inflammatories .


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Hello Readers, I am Nikki Bella a Psychology student. I have always been concerned about human behavior and the mental processes that lead us to act and think the way we do. My collaboration as an editor in the psychology area of ​​Well Being Pole has allowed me to investigate further and expand my knowledge in the field of mental health; I have also acquired great knowledge about physical health and well-being, two fundamental bases that are directly related and are part of all mental health.

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