The proliferation of fungi in the mouth can be caused by different agents. Although it is normal for certain microorganisms to live in our body and in our mouth, most are harmless. Oral health is essential when it comes to maintaining the general balance of the body and providing an optimal quality of life that allows all activities to be carried out normally.
Causes of fungus in the mouth
Fungi are microorganisms found in the oral cavity. They are harmless in most cases, but if left untreated they can lead to infections. They thrive in humid and warm environments of the body. They affect both adults and children and require specific care so that they do not reproduce in other areas of the body.
Thrush is present in the digestive tract, mouth, and on the skin. The usual bacteria and the body’s natural defenses keep them in balance. When harmony is disrupted, the fungus overgrowth and causes infections in the mouth and throat.
Next, different causes that originate the fungus in the mouth or oral candidiasis are detailed .
- Defense deficit : the decrease in immune defenses can cause infections in the oral cavity.
- Poor salivation : insufficient saliva causes dry mouth, which leads to the loss of oral flora in both adults and newborns and the elderly.
- Unhealthy eating : the intake of non-recommended foods favors microorganisms such as fungi in the mouth.
- Insufficient Oral Hygiene : Lack of regular dental hygiene causes a yeast mouth.
- Hormonal changes : as in the case of pregnancy or menopause, hormonal alterations promote the reproduction of oral candidiasis.
- Excess drug intake : chronic use of antibiotics predisposes to oral dehydration and favors the spread of fungi.
- Removable dental prostheses cause fungal cultures in the oral cavity.
- Diabetes : excess sugar in saliva is an influential factor in the appearance of candida and directly influences its growth.
- Treatments for cancer with chemotherapy.
- Anemias and malnutrition.
- HIV infections or AIDS
- Stress : emotional disorders are harmful because they allow the rapid absorption of bacteria and fungi.
- Smoking accelerates the fungicidal process due to the many harmful ingredients for health .
Symptoms of fungus in the mouth
Candida albicans is a natural fungus that lives in the human body. It belongs to the bacterial microflora and is present in minimal amounts that the body controls. Mouth fungi can be located on the tongue, on the walls of the oral cavity and on the gums, affecting all teeth and throat.
Common symptoms have the following characteristics:
- Irritation and burning inside the mouth.
- Whitish mucosa on the tongue.
- Alterations in taste.
- Swollen gums
- Fissures in the corners of the mouth.
- Excitability of pain in the chewing process.
- Swollen lymph nodes in the neck.
- Bad breath.
Diagnosis of oral candidiasis
Oral candidiasis is usually diagnosed by observing common symptoms and the visual appearance of the oral cavity. If white lacerations are perceived on the tongue and inside the mouth, the risk of bleeding is greater.
No need for exhibits and analytics to detect except to confirm diseases that increase the likelihood of risks to health or to check deficiencies of iron, vitamin B12 or folic acid.
In these cases, oral samples are obtained to examine them in the laboratory and, in specific cases, biopsies are performed if the treatment does not respond.
How to prevent fungus in the mouth?
To prevent and avoid the appearance of fungus in the mouth and maintain oral well-being there are two main factors when it comes to anticipating yeast infections :
Healthy eating to stop, neutralize and reduce infections in the body. The foods considered most effective in preventing oral yeast infection are:
- The probiotics or natural bacteria present in dairy products provide the well – being of the intestinal flora and invigorate the immune system .
- The vitamin C present in citrus fruits such as orange and lemon. And in vegetables such as broccoli and green peppers, among others.
- The carbohydrates whole are beneficial to prevent the reproduction of fungi and bacteria.
- Oral hygiene prevents the presence and proliferation of fungi in the mouth in a forceful way if it is carried out regularly after the consumption of food according to the following guidelines:
- Brush your teeth two or three times daily.
- Renew your toothbrush frequently.
- Use dental floss on a daily basis.
Treatment for fungi
It is vitally important, in the event of any oral discomfort, to go to the specialist for a personalized diagnosis. Treatments can vary depending on the type of infection.
First of all , it is essential to suspend any type of pharmacological and hygienic methods to alleviate the infection
In the case of people who use dental prostheses, indicate the removal of them to sleep.
Withdraw antibiotic medication to be treated with antifungal pharmacology.
Stop using steroids under medical supervision.
Fungi contagion in children and babies
Children and babies are particularly susceptible to the spread of fungi, as well as the elderly. Babies have increased fungal growth up to the seventh month of life due to a weak immune system, but in general it is not harmful.
Candidiasis in babies can be caused by the mother taking antibiotics . Although these stop infections, they are also responsible for the destruction of bacteria that are favorable for the body, so that fungi reproduce more easily.
The parts most prone to the spread of fungi are the mother’s nipples and the baby’s mouth. In these cases, it is advisable to pay special attention to children’s oral hygiene to control the evolution of oral candidiasis .
Natural remedies for fungus in the mouth
To treat fungus in the mouth there are natural remedies that manage to combat and eliminate them without harming other parts of the body. These are the most effective and proven effective.
Garlic is a natural antibiotic and antifungal that works effectively in the treatment of oral fungus. It prevents bacterial reproduction and does not weaken the immune system.
Preparation: chop a garlic into small pieces and place it on the gums at the level of the cheeks for thirty minutes two or three times a day.
The baking soda quickly removes fungus tongue and prevents against the growth of bacteria.
Preparation : dilute a spoon of bicarbonate in a glass of water. Brush and rinse several times throughout the day.
Natural oregano eliminates oral thrush quickly. Its medicinal qualities cooperate in the elimination of oral candidiasis.
Preparation: add two tablespoons of natural oregano in a glass of water and prepare as an infusion. Consume twice daily. It can also be incorporated into all meals until it disappears or chews directly.
This medicinal plant provides active solutions to suppress fungus in the mouth .
Preparation: place the aloe vera gel inside the oral cavity for fifteen minutes and twice throughout the day.
The mouthwash with hydrogen peroxide is another of the remedies that safeguards the fungus in the mouth .
Preparation: dilute a 3% percentage of hydrogen peroxide in water and rinse. Repeat the process two or three times until its reproduction weakens.
It is an active and natural treatment to treat oral candidiasis. It manages to fight fungi quickly avoiding their reappearance.
Preparation: dissolve ten drops of tea oil in a glass with half of water and rinse three times a day. It is a simple and comfortable method.
It is a traditional natural remedy that consists of mixing a few drops of natural apple cider vinegar with a little water and then brushing and rinsing the oral cavity with plenty of water, as a mouthwash. If it is practiced regularly, it is possible to eliminate oral candida.
Possibilities of fungi in other body areas
The weakened immune system encourages oral yeast to spread to other areas of the body, causing diseases such as the esophagus, brain, vision, heart and arthritis , among other conditions that pose a risk.
Special recommendations for the care of fungus in the mouth
In people with allergies, rinsing with water after using sprays is essential.
In nursing mothers, it is advisable to avoid the direct relationship of the parts affected by fungi with the baby since they are more susceptible to bacteria.
Oral health care is a priority objective for all people because it reverts to their well-being. Currently, there are suitable products for all types of oral fungus treatments without directly affecting the rest of the body. Specialists recommend paying attention to the first symptoms to preserve the balance and proper functioning of the oral cavity and the entire body.
Hello Readers, I am Nikki Bella a Psychology student. I have always been concerned about human behavior and the mental processes that lead us to act and think the way we do. My collaboration as an editor in the psychology area of Well Being Pole has allowed me to investigate further and expand my knowledge in the field of mental health; I have also acquired great knowledge about physical health and well-being, two fundamental bases that are directly related and are part of all mental health.