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Hemiplegia is a complete cerebral palsy that encompasses half of the body of a human being. It is caused by brain damage that can be caused by various causes.

The onset of this disorder is usually sudden, and it can occur before, during, or after birth. The condition can be congenital or acquired.

Generally, a lesion located on the right side of the brain will cause hemiplegia on the left side, while a lesion located on the left side of the brain will cause hemiplegia on the right side.

Hemiplegia is a disorder that can affect cognitive ability and intelligence , since the brain functions that control the cognitive area and memory can often be affected by cerebral palsy.

Causes of hemiplegia

Hemiplegia is caused by severe damage to one of the brain’s hemispheres , and it occurs specifically when that damage affects the parts of the brain responsible for motor movements.

The causes of brain damage are varied. Among them, the most frequent are:


This is the most common cause of hemiplegia, and it occurs because in a stroke the blood supply to the brain is insufficient, this leads to the loss of brain functions. The lack of blood supply damages the nerve cells of the brain, for this reason several brain structures stop working.

Genetic pathologies

Some hereditary diseases, such as leukodystrophies, can cause hemiplegia. Leukodystrophies are a rare disorder that usually appears in childhood; This disorder affects the myelin sheath that covers and protects nerve cells in the brain, destroying part of the central nervous system .

Birth trauma

Perinatal TBI is one of the most common causes of cerebral palsy. When perinatal trauma occurs, babies can experience hemiplegia within 3 days of birth.

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Symptoms of hemiplegia

Some of the most common symptoms of hemiplegia are:


Some of the treatments used to treat hemiplegia are often the same as those used to treat cerebral palsy.

Cognitive behavioral therapy is the type of psychotherapy that is used to treat different types of disorders that occur at the brain level.
This therapy helps the patient to understand their situation and gives them the necessary tools to assume their condition in the best way and to be able to reduce (if possible) some of the symptoms they suffer.

Speech therapy is a very important therapy for treating hemiplegia; This is provided by a speech therapist in the company of a psychotherapist. The therapy provides help to the patient to control oral mobility and strengthen the oral muscles, and in turn helps them to reinforce words and vocabulary to better develop cognitive capacity.

Physiotherapy is used to help the patient with body mobility. In this therapy it is tried that the patient can acquire movement and be able to control his muscles, regain strength and flexibility.

The above treatments can be complemented with drugs that help reduce the symptoms of hemiplegia. These drugs will be prescribed by your trusted doctor if necessary, and generally can include: anxiolytics, antispasmodics and anticoagulants.


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Hello Readers, I am Nikki Bella a Psychology student. I have always been concerned about human behavior and the mental processes that lead us to act and think the way we do. My collaboration as an editor in the psychology area of ​​Well Being Pole has allowed me to investigate further and expand my knowledge in the field of mental health; I have also acquired great knowledge about physical health and well-being, two fundamental bases that are directly related and are part of all mental health.

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