In relation to certain diseases, there are perceptions and myths that help little to understand their true nature. The above applies perfectly to Human Papillomavirus (HPV), a more common sexually transmitted disease than many people imagine. We will address this issue, mentioning everything you need to know about this disease, from its symptoms, causes, treatments, preventions, among other details.
What is HPV?
The Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is a name that groups more than 150 viruses , according to various medical sources. Viruses are from the ‘Papillomaviridae’ family, and today represent sexually transmitted diseases that are much more common than we imagine.
These types of viruses, depending on their nature, can affect various organs of the body, and their peculiarity is that sometimes they do not have a specific symptomatology. Some of these viruses can cause the cells of the body of certain organs to change their genetic expression, which can lead to abnormal growth , which can lead to cancers of different types.
What are your symptoms?
Despite the fact that HPV does not present immediate symptoms , it can manifest as warts, but already in an advanced stage of the disease. It also happens that the host’s body can eliminate the virus from its system, depending on the synergy of several factors such as its antibodies, food, among other factors.
It is necessary to clarify that the lesions caused by various types of HPV are evident when the disease is advanced . Such lesions can degenerate into vaginal, throat, or anal cancer, which are the areas of the body most susceptible to developing such diseases due to this pathology.
Risk of relapse with this disease
It should be noted that the fact of contracting once a virus associated with the Papillomaviridae family does not guarantee that in the future you will not be able to contract any variant of that family again. This is what specialist doctors say, so prevention at all levels against HPV is essential.
Early detection of dysplasias or abnormal cell growths in the aforementioned areas of the body are key to helping the patient avoid the onset of other more serious diseases.
How do I make sure I don’t get or pass HPV?
There are main ways not to get or transmit HPV. The first is to use condoms in every sexual encounter you have. On the other hand, reducing the number of sexual partners as much as possible, or avoiding anal, vaginal, or oral sex may be another option.
Currently, there are several preventive vaccines against HPV, which have certain parameters to follow so that they are really effective in the person affected by the disease. Thus, it is essential to carry out vaccination programs in relation to preadolescents between 13 and 14 years old, as this will ensure protection against HPV before having their first sexual encounter.
Getting regular tests is essential
Keep in mind that performing cervical cancer detection tests periodically is of great importance in the case of women, as there may be dysplasias associated with HPV that must be treated in an urgent manner.
For their part, men who practice anal sex need the protection provided by such a vaccine. Being an important point to consider in the design of any vaccination program that is really effective.
How is the human papillomavirus (HPV) treated?
Although it is sometimes not given the care it demands, treatment for early-stage human papilloma is essential. Being necessary, the monitoring and procedure to treat such lesions by specialists, in order to reduce as much as possible the scope of the family of this virus.
Although there is currently no targeted treatment for HPV , the immune system is responsible for eliminating the disease in 90% of those who contract it. However, the elimination time is usually long, lasting approximately 2 years.
The use of topical creams to treat this disease
For some time now, there have been quite effective topical creams to take care of generating a response from the immune system at the local level to eradicate some of the most common problems caused by HPV.
Despite all this, there is no consensus among specialists on whether HPV completely disappears from the body or not. Finding the affected people, exposed to the recurrence of the symptoms caused by this disease at any time in their lives.
Implement the use of condoms during intimate encounters
Protection through condoms and vaccination are essential as resources to stop the spread of this type of pathology. Also, colonization of the cervix (surgical treatment of lesions associated with HPV) in women, as well as premalignant lesions of the penis and anus in men. The use of condoms is effective between 80 and 90% to prevent the spread of most STDs (Sexually Transmitted Diseases). This is something to know, to take precautions and avoid any displeasure.
All of this can help reduce the spread of these viruses, which do not usually present specific symptoms in the first instance. Remember that HPV is a serious issue that should not be left aside, being a fairly common disease in today’s society. It must be remembered that many myths circulate about what HPV is, how it manifests itself and what its symptoms are. If in doubt, it is best to go to the doctors themselves, the specialists who can inform us in greater depth about any concern of having it or getting infected. Being well informed is the most sensible way to approach it. It is important not to get carried away by fear and to take the necessary measures as soon as possible.
If you have the suspicion of suffering from this pathology or you know someone close to you who may suffer from it, it is recommended to go immediately to a health specialist , who can carry out the respective evaluations and give a specific diagnosis.
Hello Readers, I am Nikki Bella a Psychology student. I have always been concerned about human behavior and the mental processes that lead us to act and think the way we do. My collaboration as an editor in the psychology area of Well Being Pole has allowed me to investigate further and expand my knowledge in the field of mental health; I have also acquired great knowledge about physical health and well-being, two fundamental bases that are directly related and are part of all mental health.