Anemia is part of the hematological pathologies, that is, of diseases related to some disorder associated with the blood. The iron – deficiency anemia is the condition that occurs when the body does not have enough red blood cells in healthy blood flow. We must remember that red blood cells are blood cells produced by the bone marrow that have the function of transporting oxygen to all tissues of the body.
There are many types of anemia, but iron deficiency anemia occurs when the person is deficient in iron, a substance that is involved in the production of red blood cells. This type of anemia is the most common in people. Diagnosing and treating iron deficiency anemia is time necessary to prevent further complications.
Causes of iron deficiency anemia
Red blood cells are produced in the bone marrow and can live in the body for 3 to 4 months until they are old and are eliminated by the spleen. Iron is essential for the blood to transport oxygen, which is why its deficiency in the body affects the number of healthy red blood cells. Normally, people get enough iron through diet.
The causes of iron deficiency anemia are:
- The human body is losing more red blood cells and iron than it can replace on its own.
- The body has a problem absorbing iron properly.
- The person is not consuming enough foods with iron.
- The body needs more iron due to a specific condition such as pregnancy or breastfeeding.
When the human body unexpectedly loses a lot of blood, iron values tend to decrease. This can occur for the following causes:
- Incessant and heavy menstrual periods.
- Esophageal varices due to cirrhosis .
- Long-term use of medications such as ibuprofen or aspirin that can cause gastrointestinal bleeding.
- peptic ulcer.
Other causes of iron deficiency anemia are:
- Excess consumption of antacids with calcium.
- Bariatric stomach surgery for weight loss.
- Celiac disease .
- Crohn’s disease .
- Be vegetarian.
Symptoms of iron deficiency anemia
A person can have iron deficiency anemia and not know it, since this condition usually does not present symptoms in its initial phase or when it is moderate. However, when anemia is not addressed, it begins to manifest as follows:
- Weakness or tiredness people often feel fatigued all day, even after they have rested. This symptom may get worse after physical exercise during it.
- Lack of energy that prevents doing daily activities at the usual pace.
- Difficulty concentrating or memorizing.
- Frequent headaches
- Sudden desire for wanting to consume ice.
- Dizziness or loss of balance when standing up or getting out of bed.
- Pale skin color and brittle nails.
- Tongue pain
- Mild shortness of breath
When anemia is caused by another disease and discomfort it can manifest itself in different ways. Among the symptoms of some conditions associated with iron deficiency anemia we find the following:
- Changes in bowel movements. Very dark stools or bloody stools may occur .
- Pain in the lower abdomen, usually caused by ulcers.
- Heavy bleeding during menstrual periods.
- Unexplained weight loss
Treatment of iron deficiency anemia
Treating iron deficiency anemia correctly and on time is necessary to prevent this condition from causing complications and to ensure proper oxygenation of the tissues of the human body. Fortunately, iron deficiency anemia can be treated and after a few months the levels of iron, hemoglobin and red blood cells return to normal, which allows the symptoms to disappear.
The treatment of iron deficiency anemia aims to combat iron deficiency to regulate the composition of the blood, for this reason it includes the consumption of iron supplements, when the deficiency is very serious, and a diet with abundant foods rich in iron . The daily consumption of iron in capsules will depend on each person and the severity of the deficiency, therefore, it should only be indicated by the medical specialist.
If the person with iron deficiency anemia is intolerant to the consumption of iron supplements, it will be necessary to undergo intravenous treatment. This consists of injecting doses of iron into the vein or through an intramuscular injection. During pregnancy or breastfeeding it is important for women to take iron supplements to prevent iron deficiency anemia. If anemia occurs during pregnancy or breastfeeding, they will need to take additional iron as well.
In general, after 2 months of treatment, the person will have overcome iron deficiency anemia and blood values will have returned to normal. However, the consumption of iron supplement should be prolonged up to 6 and 12 months to correctly replenish the body’s reserves and prevent anemia from becoming a recurrent condition.
When iron deficiency anemia is caused by a disease, the condition will need to be cared for in order to treat the anemia. In these cases it is even more important to maintain a balanced diet rich in iron, since the consumption of supplements will depend on the person’s health condition.
Diet is essential to treat iron deficiency anemia
All people who do not have problems absorbing iron correctly can help balance iron levels through diet. Foods rich in iron are many, but among the best stand out: tree tomato, beet, shell shellfish such as oysters, clams and mussels, anchovies, sardines, anchovies, beef liver, blood sausage, soybeans, lentils, chickpeas, spinach , chard, broccoli, cauliflower, parsley, almonds, grapes and mango.
The diagnosis and treatment of iron deficiency anemia requires medical supervision. Therefore, when presenting signs of this disease, it is necessary to go to the doctor for a thorough check-up to confirm anemia. Iron consumption without a medical order is not recommended.
Hello Readers, I am Nikki Bella a Psychology student. I have always been concerned about human behavior and the mental processes that lead us to act and think the way we do. My collaboration as an editor in the psychology area of Well Being Pole has allowed me to investigate further and expand my knowledge in the field of mental health; I have also acquired great knowledge about physical health and well-being, two fundamental bases that are directly related and are part of all mental health.