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Low back pain

ain in the lower back also known as “lumbago” or simply “low back pain.” Virtually everyone suffers from this problem, at least once in their life. It can occur progressively or suddenly and, although it can occur at any age, the most common is to suffer from it from youth.

Although it cannot be considered a serious disease, perhaps not even a disease itself, what it does represent is a priority health problem in Western societies, both due to its high frequency (hence the title of this article) and due to its important social, labor and economic impact, since it is one of the pathologies that causes greater absenteeism, disability and use of health resources.

Causes and symptoms of low back pain

In general, the pain is usually localized at the height of the belt and a few inches above and below, sometimes radiating from behind one leg to the foot (known as “sciatic radiation”). It is likely that the initial location of the pain is the reason that many people come to the consultations complaining of “kidney pain”, although of course, it is not these organs that are causing the pain, but the complex structure formed by the five Lumbar vertebrae, the intervertebral discs that separate them from each other and the ligaments, muscles and tendons that give it movement and stability, in addition to the important nerve structures and small endings that are housed throughout this conglomerate.

The exact origin of low back pain is rarely known with certainty, although it can be assured that there are multiple factors that can trigger it or at least influence it. Inadequate posture, poor physical shape, excess weight, some daily tasks or stress are some of these factors that can influence the onset or maintenance of low back pain. In fact, it appears that low back pain “attacks” represent the “last straw ” for a long-standing problem that rarely has a single cause.

Despite its frequency, and the anguish it triggers in many people, it is important to know that low back pain is not a serious problem. The vast majority of patients improve a lot in a short time, and only in a few cases there may be a more serious cause causing the pain picture. In fact, testing of any kind is almost never necessary. Only when the pain does not improve in a few days, or the problem presents some peculiarities, it may be necessary to do some complementary examinations.

In these lines, we are going to give you a few tips that in no case can replace those given by your doctors, but that can undoubtedly help you to live with your discomfort without harming you at all.

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How to avoid and treat low back pain

The first thing you should know is that, although the opposite has been said for many years, today we know that, except in exceptional cases, bed rest is not recommended. On the contrary, it is important to mobilize the back as soon as possible, without waiting for the pain to completely disappear.

As a general rule, it is preferable to try to lead a normal life, with discomfort and with precautions, to completely change the daily routine. When the pain in the first hours is so intense that this is not possible, at least one should try to return to normal work or recreational activities as soon as possible.

Sitting for long periods is not dangerous, but it can be uncomfortable; It is preferable to get up from time to time, change your posture and try to keep your back straight. If you can, it is better not to carry pesos; If it cannot be avoided, it is better to support the weight on the trunk. An example: lifting a carton of milk with your arms outstretched can strain your back more than lifting eight kilos if you hold it close to your body.

Increasing the physical activity of your daily life with things as simple as brisk walking one of the usual routes, or taking the stairs instead of the elevator, will help you improve your physical condition, which is very beneficial. In addition, doing some physical exercise on a regular basis such as riding a bicycle (stationary or mobile), doing gymnastics, dancing or swimming, improves back symptoms, facilitates the return to normal life and prevents new attacks of low back pain. There are also exercises, easy to do at home or in any gym, specifically designed to recover from a lumbago attack and others to prevent it from repeating.

On the other hand, there are two types of medications that help relieve low back pain. The first are analgesics, popularly known as “painkillers”, which act directly on pain and allow the physical measures that we have discussed to be carried out under more favorable conditions. The second are muscle relaxants that act on muscle contractures that accompany pain. By using both, a situation similar to “the whiting that bites its tail” can be corrected: pain produces muscle contracture, which in turn produces pain, which in turn produces more contracture.

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Hello Readers, I am Nikki Bella a Psychology student. I have always been concerned about human behavior and the mental processes that lead us to act and think the way we do. My collaboration as an editor in the psychology area of ​​Well Being Pole has allowed me to investigate further and expand my knowledge in the field of mental health; I have also acquired great knowledge about physical health and well-being, two fundamental bases that are directly related and are part of all mental health.

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