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The moods are known as the mood of a person. Therefore, it is said that a person is in a good mood or in a good mood when he is cheerful, or in a bad mood when he is irritable. While it is true that moods can be negative or positive , you need to dig a little deeper to understand them better.

It is precisely for this reason that, below, we will explain what states of mind consist of , how they originate , their difference from emotions and others. In addition, you will be able to learn about the different types of moods , etc.

What is the state of mind?

The state of mind consists of a state in which an individual is, this can be positive / pleasant or negative / unpleasant. Moods are characterized by being long-lasting , from a few minutes, to several hours, weeks, and much more.

Mood can be influenced by various factors, and not just emotionally. Factors such as the environment, the physical state of the person , as well as the psychic, can alter, both positively and negatively, the mood.

It is important to note that the mood is accompanied by unclear, that is, diffuse sensations. Therefore , it is somewhat difficult to determine its causes. In addition, the mood is manifested in a low intensity and can be controlled, unlike the emotions.

How are moods and emotions different?

Since we have touched on the subject of emotions, the need arises to clarify the differences between them and the state of mind. As is well known, emotions are those sensations that invade us after an experience , both pleasant and unpleasant. When talking about emotions, a joy, a surprise, a fright or fear, among others, immediately come to mind.

All those sensations or emotions are triggered by a clear reason. If you receive good news, you will feel joy; if you discover something unexpected, you will be surprised, and so on. If we start to analyze these emotions, we will realize that many times, they last a few minutes.

In addition, emotions are difficult to control, because if we receive news that makes us angry, it will be almost impossible to contain our anger, and the same happens with other emotions. As you can see, emotions and moods, although they may seem the same, have very noticeable differences .

So that you can see their differences better, we will briefly describe them below.


  • They can be controlled.
  • Its duration can vary between a few minutes, hours, and even days or more.
  • It occurs with a mild intensity.
  • Its causes are not clear and the sensations are diffuse.
  • Its dominant component are the environmental, physical and psychic.


  • Managing emotions is difficult.
  • Its duration, naturally, does not exceed more than a few minutes.
  • The intensity of these is considerable.
  • They arise because of specific reasons, events and circumstances.
  • Its dominant component is neurophysiological.

How do moods originate or where do they come from?

As mentioned before, several factors influence moods. Although the most popular belief is that moods originate from day-to-day experiences, be they victories, failures, and so on, this is not exclusively so.

Health, diet, and in general, the physical state of a person plays an important role in moods. Likewise, our thoughts can also influence and determine our moods along with our body rhythms.

Because of this, it is almost impossible to know the precise cause of a particular mood. And it is that there are many factors that affect it, each one determines the person’s state of mind .

What are the types of moods?

There are different types of moods, these can be classified in several ways . On the one hand, these can be classified as positive moods and negative moods . For their part, those with positive affect would be associated with energetic states such as activity, euphoria and vigor.

In counterpart, there would be negative affects, which would be laziness, boredom, nervousness, and even hostility.

However, the author and psychologist Robert Thayer proposes the theory that the state of mind centers on two variables, which would be energy and tension. In this way, the types of moods would be four, which we will explain below:

Energy – calm

This type of state of mind would be the most positive , since the person feels animated, active, calm, safe and happy.

Calm – tiredness

In this state, the person feels relaxed and in turn may be tired, sleepy, and so on. This state of mind is not considered negative but positive.

Voltage – energy

When a person is in this state of mind, they feel energetic and active. However, this liveliness is accompanied by restlessness and a feeling of tension. This can be a negative state of mind for some, while for others it is not.

Tension – tiredness

Unlike previous types of moods, this one is completely negative. When the person feels fatigued, has anxiety, has nervousness and other unpleasant sensations, he is in this state.

Moods and anxiety / stress

When a person is in a state of tension – tiredness, that is, the most negative state, he will be more susceptible to reacting negatively. Therefore, some situations or problems that could be overlooked in any other state, could trigger a strong reaction.

That is why it is extremely important to know what our energy patterns are like during the day . In this way, we can avoid situations that cause us anxiety or stress during the period in which we are in a state of tension – fatigue.

The influence of energy rhythms on mood

Moods are also influenced by the energy rhythms of each person. Some reach the highest energy levels during the early hours of the day, these are the morning people. Therefore, they prefer to do their activities in the morning.

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For their part, evening people will achieve their highest energy level in the afternoon. This means that they will be more active and efficient to carry out their activities in the late afternoon, and even at night.

If you determine at what time of the day you reach your highest energy level, you will know when your best moments will be, where the tension is low. This way you can avoid exposing yourself to unpleasant situations and get the most out of your high energy.

Mood disorders and types

It should be noted that mood can be seriously affected by different disorders . These disorders are psychic alterations linked to altered moods with a certain degree of persistence. Therefore, this can seriously affect the life of the person suffering from it, even leading to depression.

The different moods and mood disorders are classified as follows:

  • Major depressive disorder
    • Catatonic depression
    • Melancholic depression
    • dysthymia
    • Atypical depression
    • Psychotic depression
    • Seasonal affective disorder
    • Postpartum depression
    • Double depression
    • Recurrent brief depressive disorder
    • Minor depression
    • Depressive personality disorder
    • Unspecified depressive disorder
  • Bipolar disorders
  • Substance-Induced Mood Disorders
  • Mood disorders, unspecified

It is important to mention that mood disorders or disorders are the most frequent in the world population . People with alterations and pathologies in the state of mind need professional help, as this affects their style and quality of life in a very negative way.

Can moods be controlled?

Although it may seem like an impossible task, the truth is that the possibility of being able to control our moods is quite high. As we’ve mentioned before, knowing your energy patterns throughout the day will give you the opportunity to control your mood.

If you know that you are an evening person, then you can organize yourself to avoid stressful activities during the day. In this way, you can concentrate at the end of the afternoon (or at night) on all the activities that you must develop, so you will be much more productive and efficient in what you do.

Tips for raising energy

In case you want to raise the energy of your moods to feel better, with more energy and calm, below you will find several tips that will be of great help to achieve it.

Watch your health

Everyone knows that healthy and more vital people have more energy than those who are sick. Therefore, if you stay in good health, your energy levels will be higher. It should be noted that many diseases contribute to the decrease in energy.

do exercise

Exercising regularly will make you feel more energetic, and it is also a great help to release tension. And of course, in addition to helping you improve your moods, it will keep you healthy.

Get enough sleep

When we don’t get enough rest, we can notice a noticeable decrease in energy that affects our mood directly. Also, not sleeping the recommended hours is harmful to health. So try to respect the hours of sleep so that your energy levels are high. About 7 – 8 hours a day will be enough.

How can you make your moods more calm and energetic?

In addition to taking into account the above tips, there are other tips that will be useful to get your mood to have more energy and calm.

Eat in a balanced and healthy way

To stay healthy, it is essential to have a balanced and, above all, nutritious diet. This, in addition to keeping you healthy, will give you more energy than eating foods high in sugar and fat.

Take exclusive time for yourself

An excellent way to reduce stress and achieve a more calm and energetic mood is undoubtedly to dedicate two hours a day to doing what you like. Do not be afraid to take time exclusively for yourself, and remember, do what you are passionate about and make you happy.

Consider your energy rate

Again, we emphasize the importance of keeping control of your energy rhythm. In this way, you can organize your day to perform the tasks that require the most effort and dedication when your energy levels are high. In the same way, you can avoid heavy or unpleasant situations and / or activities in the period of tension – fatigue.

Analyze your energy levels

Lastly , it is essential that you pay attention to changes in your energy levels . If you start consuming other foods or doing physical activity, take a good look at whether your energy levels react to this.

Whatever practice you do to raise your energy levels or to keep your mood calm and energetic, you should see if it is really helping you. Otherwise, if you find that they do not work, it is better that you avoid them.

In short, moods, while related to emotions, are not the same. In fact, it can be said that moods are a kind of base, where, depending on their state, we can experience one or other emotions.

This is because it is not the same to receive bad news when we feel energetic and happy, than to receive it in a state of tension – tiredness.

So remember, watch your rhythms and energy levels, try to lead a healthy life, set aside some time for yourself, organize your day according to your energy rhythm and use only the practices and strategies that give results and are effective.

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Hello Readers, I am Nikki Bella a Psychology student. I have always been concerned about human behavior and the mental processes that lead us to act and think the way we do. My collaboration as an editor in the psychology area of ​​Well Being Pole has allowed me to investigate further and expand my knowledge in the field of mental health; I have also acquired great knowledge about physical health and well-being, two fundamental bases that are directly related and are part of all mental health.

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