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Mucus in the throat

This occurs because the immune system activates the production of mucus as a defense mechanism so that the body can defend itself against any bacteria, disease or microorganism that is attacking it.

Presenting mucus in the throat , either permanently or temporarily, is a rather uncomfortable symptom that can bring with it a series of discomfort in the upper respiratory tract , even irritating the throat.

To treat this excess mucus it is necessary to attend the doctor and know its cause. If you want to know more about this topic, we invite you to continue reading this eHealth article about mucus in the throat , symptoms, causes and treatment.

Why is there mucus in the throat?

Here we show you the possible causes of mucus or phlegm stuck in the throat;

Postnasal drip

As its name implies, posterior nasal drip occurs when there is an accumulation of mucus in the nose that descends into the throat and accumulates in it, making it difficult to swallow and irritating the larynx. Postnasal drip is one of the main causes of a permanent sensation of mucus in the throat and a permanent cough and is usually associated with other conditions.

Among the main causes of postnasal drip we find:

  • Gastroesophageal reflux : When we eat, food travels from the mouth to the stomach through the esophagus. In this route there is a kind of valve or ring that serves as a stopper to prevent food from being returned to the mouth. When that muscle ring doesn’t close properly, acidic juices and other stomach contents can back up into the esophagus. This condition is known by the name of gastroesophageal reflux and it can be caused by smoking, obesity, alcoholism , pregnancy, hiatal hernia and some medications. Among the main symptoms of gastric reflux, mucus in the throat and the feeling that food is stuck after swallowing, cough, heartburn, hoarseness, nausea and a sore throat stand out.
  • Rhinitis : Rhinitis is an allergic condition caused by any allergenic factor such as dust, pollen, and mites. Performing an allergy test is vital to discover what is the cause of rhinitis and thus be able to find the appropriate treatment to stop the symptoms and prevent the evolution of the disease. Rhinitis can cause excess phlegm in the throat due to postnasal drip, excess mucus in the nose, itchy eyes, irritation and sneezing, among other symptoms.
  • Sinusitis : This condition is a very common cause of mucus in the throat and occurs when the tissue that covers the sinuses becomes inflamed which blocks the nasal passages causing mucus to accumulate and go down the throat.
  • Dry air . People who are in a cold or air-conditioned environment for a long time are more likely to develop mucus in the throat because the body stimulates the production of mucus to combat dryness in the nasal membranes and restore their moisture.

Only an ENT specialist can diagnose this condition through a thorough throat check. Treatment of postnasal drip can vary depending on its cause, but nasal decongestants are usually always prescribed to avoid mucus in the throat and prevent irritation of the larynx.

In the case of gastroesophageal reflux, it is essential that the person also go to a gastroenterologist to treat said condition and prevent higher risk conditions.

Septum deviation

Having a deviated septum is another cause of mucus in the throat. This condition is usually hereditary or caused by some trauma and although it is often not visible to the naked eye, its discomfort does make itself felt.

Having a deviated septum involves many complications in the upper respiratory tract such as shortness of breath, sinusitis, snoring, headache, accumulation of mucus in the nasal passages, mucus in the throat, and postnasal drip.

The deviation of the septum must be corrected and treated to prevent its progress from generating recurrent bacterial congestion , which means that the person is constantly presenting respiratory infections that, if not treated correctly, can spread to the lungs.

You may also be interested in:   Pharyngitis

An otolaryngologist will be responsible for examining this condition and determining its severity. A CT scan may be necessary to determine the deviation.

To correct the deviated septum, its anatomy must be modified through surgical intervention. Pain relievers and other medications only relieve symptoms.

Allergic processes

Any allergic condition can trigger a rhinitis that stimulates mucus production and, therefore, causes mucus in the throat. The most common allergies that cause mucus in the throat are to pollen, dust and mites, since they mainly affect the upper respiratory tract and can cause permanent rhinitis.

In case of being allergic to any of the agents mentioned above and presenting mucus stuck in the throat , in addition to the treatment prescribed by the doctor, it is important to maintain a clean environment at home, avoid the use of rugs, curtains and dusters, change clothes from bed twice a week.

In addition to cleaning window glass every three days, avoid the use of woven or velvety blankets or blankets and do without any other element that accumulates dust on it. In case of allergy to pollen, it is vital to go to the allergist before the beginning of spring to receive preventive treatment.


It is no secret to anyone that cigarettes are one of the most toxic agents that we can supply to the body , because in addition to causing different types of cancer, it affects the lower and upper respiratory tract in such a way that it compromises correct breathing and the amount of oxygen that We received.

Among the consequences of smoking are irritation of the larynx and inflammation of the nasal membranes , which increases the production of mucus that accumulates in the throat and causes hoarseness, coughing and hoarseness. What is the treatment in these cases? Seek help to quit smoking and live healthy habits.

Bacterial infections

Any type of infection that occurs in the respiratory tract or larynx, such as sinusitis, tonsillitis, pharyngitis , bronchitis and even pneumonia cause excessive production of mucus to prevent the proliferation of the bacteria that caused the infection .

For this reason, in addition to the relevant symptoms that any of these conditions can cause, there is an accumulation of mucus in the throat that is usually temporary in most cases.

Symptoms that mucus in the throat can cause

  • Frequent hawking to mobilize accumulated mucus.
  • Cough that occurs as a defense mechanism of the body to expel mucus.
  • Throat irritation.
  • Feeling that there is something stuck in the throat and that we cannot swallow well.
  • Inflammation of the larynx.
  • Headache or shortness of breath.
  • Bad breath.

Tips for treating mucus in the throat

Treatment for this condition will depend on its cause. Therefore, if you have been presenting mucus in your throat for a long time and you do not know what it may be due to, it is best to make an appointment with your doctor to evaluate your health and indicate the correct treatment.

However, while you wait for your medical appointment, you can put into practice some tips and home remedies for mucus in the throat that, although they will not correct the problem, will help you feel much better.

  • Drinking at least 3 liters of water a day will keep your throat hydrated and help mucus go down more easily. In addition, the water helps the mucus to be less thick.
  • There are foods, such as dairy, cereals, eggs, sugar and legumes that increase the volume of phlegm. It is best to avoid eating them.
  • If you have mucus in your throat and a cough, this is a good time to get a jump start and quit. The cigarette will only empower this condition.
  • Keep your home clean and consider spraying for mites.
  • Stay away from any toxic agent such as smoke and gases from the environment.
  • Avoid being exposed to air conditioning or heating all day.
  • Gargle with salt water three times a day to lessen discomfort and reduce any irritation you may have.

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Hello Readers, I am Nikki Bella a Psychology student. I have always been concerned about human behavior and the mental processes that lead us to act and think the way we do. My collaboration as an editor in the psychology area of ​​Well Being Pole has allowed me to investigate further and expand my knowledge in the field of mental health; I have also acquired great knowledge about physical health and well-being, two fundamental bases that are directly related and are part of all mental health.

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