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Mythomania, also known as fantasy pseudology, is a psychopathology in which the individual feels an uncontrollable urge to lie. This disorder is described as a condition in which an individual becomes a compulsive liar, often for no reason, to the point of believing their own lies.

Compulsive lying is not part of typical human behavior , although we have all lied on occasion and in defense of a specific cause, they are isolated episodes that are generally not associated with any psychological disorder.

People who lie compulsively generally have another type of major character disorder or suffer from depression, low self-esteem and emotional insecurity . However, at times, individuals may be lying simply to make their lives seem more exciting, when in reality they themselves believe that their lives are unpleasant or boring.

The stories told tend to present the mythomaniac favorably. He prioritizes his own person, fervently adorning it and telling stories that present them as heroes or victims. For example, a person suffering from mythomania can be presented in his false narrative as someone super brave who overcame many incredible obstacles or as someone with great power and wealth; but it can also be presented as someone who has suffered a lot, that unforgivable things have been done to her in her life and yet continues to fight. Perhaps in these cases the mythomaniac person is exerting a certain type of emotional blackmail on the other, trying to make him accept it or prioritize it with his false lies.

Most of the personal relationships of mythomaniacs are weak and fail to come to fruition, as they fail when the sufferer does not want to face their condition and projects their psychopathology onto the other.

Causes of mythomania

There is significant debate about the causes of the condition; Although the specific causes that cause mythomania are still unknown, it is estimated that there are a number of factors that play a fundamental role in the causes of this condition.

According to some research it is believed that mitomanía or fantastic pseudologia can be a symptom of different types of personality disorders , among them are: disorder bipolar personality , narcissistic personality disorder , disorder borderline personality , disorder and attention deficit hyperactivity , obsessive-compulsive disorder, and histrionic personality disorder .

The environment, the environment and other psychosocial factors are other of the most common causes that generate mythomania.

Sometimes, some people who have suffered trauma in early childhood, use lying as a survival mechanism and begin to lie to try to escape and forget about that unpleasant event that they lived in the past.

Symptoms of mythomania

Some of the typical symptoms that people with mythomania present are:

Mythomania treatments

There are several treatments that help treat compulsive lying or mythomania. Although the treatment provided will depend on the degree of this disorder.

Cognitive-behavioral therapy is the most widely used. Usually this psychotherapy is used to treat psychopathologies associated with mental disorders. In this case, if there is no other existing disorder of which mythomania is a symptom, the patient will be helped to find the origin of his low self-esteem or lack of self – confidence , so that in this way he understands which is the focus that generates his condition. . You will also be given tools to work on your personality and self-knowledge , and from this point on, build the strong foundations of a healthy and transparent personality.

Mythomania itself is not a disorder that can be treated with medication ; but yes, in help of these, the symptoms associated with this disorder can be reduced.

Some people also choose to perform relaxation techniques to reduce the symptoms of this psychopathology. Among the most used techniques we can find: meditation, yoga, Pilates, physical exercises such as running or riding a bicycle, or doing a sport that keeps us away from thoughts that drive us to lie.

It should be noted that communication is a basic and indispensable instrument to solve any type of psychological problem ; offering social and communication tools that are effective to carry out good mental health.


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Hello Readers, I am Nikki Bella a Psychology student. I have always been concerned about human behavior and the mental processes that lead us to act and think the way we do. My collaboration as an editor in the psychology area of ​​Well Being Pole has allowed me to investigate further and expand my knowledge in the field of mental health; I have also acquired great knowledge about physical health and well-being, two fundamental bases that are directly related and are part of all mental health.

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