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Neuroscience: what it studies and its implication in psychology

The brain of one of the most important organs that inhabits the organism of human beings, since its impressive design hides a myriad of functions, structures and characteristics that facilitate its masterful development. Thanks to neuroscience it is possible to know every detail , but what is neuroscience? Implying?

In this interesting article you will know all the relevant information about neuroscience, its importance and the ability to involve it in other areas and human processes . To do this, do not stop paying attention and read to the end.

What is neuroscience?

It is a scientific specialty that is responsible for the comprehensive study of the nervous system , but not only superficially, but also analyzing its functions, structures and relevant aspects of brain work. Likewise, neuroscience allows us to analyze behavioral characteristics.

It should be noted that within the nervous system , the brain is one of its most important organs, and that is where neuroscience is used to access studies of its multiple levels, cells and molecules , as well as neurons; which are responsible for transmitting nerve impulses to the body.

In addition, as if that were not enough, neuroscience is also interested in other very useful details, since it is capable of understanding from learning, consciousness, sleep and memory ; all this from the study and conscientious analysis of brain activity.

Relationship between neuroscience and psychology

It is already known that neuroscience is responsible for the study of human behavior through the study of the brain, but over the years a large number of analyzes have been carried out that allow us to expand the application of neuroscience to other important areas , such as gastronomy, economics and even psychology. Which means that neuroscience is indispensable in every field of life.

Therefore, as it is possible to understand the way in which the brain achieves certain actions and behaviors, it is very novel and possible that through psychology methods and strategies can be designed to improve such behaviors and behaviors that are not quite right , as well. how to solve mental problems that affect the psychological aspect of the human being.

So indeed the neuroscience and psychology have an incredible relationship and approach each other, and that there is the mind must be present brain compulsorily where manage you work unified excellent way to generate changes and modifications very important .

Of course, this does not mean that neuroscience is going to replace or replace the world of psychology, each one has its space and studies , for the moment. But the relationship that allows this interaction with each other is of great value to continue to know much more about the brain and its ability to think and function.

Why apply neuroscience?

It is clear that the brain and behavioral study through neuroscience allows us to know a person as he is , even the living beings of the animal world according to some scholars in the field. This means that applying neuroscience is favorable for accessing information that is clearly not available to us.

In addition, as mentioned above, neuroscience is capable of getting involved in other aspects of human daily life, which is why it is a study that increasingly breaks more paradigms within scientific studies , such as the relationship between the brain. And the mind.

An example of this is that, as a result of the utility for neuroscience from the social field, new public policies have been carried out revolutionizing the world of marketing, taking into account brain activity from the results obtained.

Types of neuroscience

The neuroscience focuses on points, which cater to different topics, as you will read below:

  • Neuroscience for development : it is responsible for describing how the brain changes and grows.
  • Cognitive neuroscience : the study focuses on the control of the thoughts that the brain performs, as well as thoughts, conflict resolution, language and memory.
  • Cellular and molecular neuroscience : specializes in exploring the genes, molecules and proteins that are part of the functioning of neurons.
  • Behavioral neuroscience : examines the areas of the brain and all those processes that are involved in the behavior of humans and even animals.
  • Clinical neuroscience : it is the study that medical specialists attend to find the treatment or prevention against neurological disorders, as well as conditions within the nervous system.
  • Social neuroscience : focuses on the study of cultural values, practices, beliefs, or aspects that can influence the mind, genes, or brain .
  • Forensic neuroscience : analyzes the behavior or mental illnesses that drive a person to commit violent or aggressive actions, as well as determine the causes of such aggression; so it is generally used in legal matters.

Branches present in neuroscience

But to have a clearer idea of ​​how each mechanism present in the human brain intervenes, such as the relationship between a product and the customer, you should know the following:

  1. Neurolinguistics : in charge of studying the neural mechanisms that are in the brain and control the understanding, acquisition and expression of verbal language.
  2. Cultural neuroscience : is the branch that bases its analysis on beliefs or practices, as well as cultural values ​​that in one way or another make changes in the brain, genes and even the mind .
  3. Computational neuroscience : through computers that simulate the functions of the brain, mathematical techniques and physics are applied to study every aspect of the brain. Furthermore, it is one of the best established branches for the conscientious study of the brain from another perspective.
  4. Affective neuroscience : it focuses on the observation of neuronal behavior through emotions; so it is easily applicable in business topics or strategies such as emotional or nostalgic marketing to attract potential leads.
  5. Behavioral neuroscience : the study is based on the biological bases of behavior and its impact on society , a reason that is useful to be used within large businesses where there is the figure of a consumer.
  6. Neuroengineering : takes into account engineering techniques and tools to repair, understand, replace and even improve the neural systems that merit it.
  7. Neuroimaging : it is used to diagnose those diseases that affect the brain, as well as the possibility of evaluating the stability of the brain and studying it through medical images.
  8. Neuroinformatics : with the help of key data, it is possible to understand the main functions of the brain , as well as the treatment of diseases that attack the organ in question; which means that it will be in charge of sharing data once it is acquired, published, stored according to the case.
  9. Neurophysiology : it is that branch of neuroscience that analyzes everything that the brain does in the hand with its basic functions, as well as the parts of the body and their natural interrelation.
  10. Paleoneurology : is responsible for the study of brains that have been fossilized.

Contributions of neuroscience

Knowledge of the brain

This contribution is essential to know how the children’s brain is developing as well as to discover the true needs within this evolutionary process ; thanks to neuroscience. In addition, it allows us to understand the areas that can be developed through emotions, stimuli or behavioral changes.

Valuation of contact with the natural and social

According to neuroscience studies , it is understood how essential it is for good human and brain development , the approach and contact with nature during the first years of life, since in this way it will be possible to build colors, movements and forms from the conceptual point of view.

Expansion of curiosity

For the brain to be able to create its own identity and performance capacity, it is important that during the first stage of life it can be taught to recognize through curiosity and attention.

Motivation for learning

It is important to value the aspect of motivation as a fundamental approach to learning, since that mental fuel is necessary to educate in a meaningful way from children, and all the details of brain function are understood.

Balanced emotional state

Thanks to the knowledge provided by neuroscience within brain studies, information is accessed that would not otherwise be possible, such as emotions and emotional states ; so it will be very useful to regulate or control negative or unnecessary emotions.

Improvement of teaching methods

Since the brain governs a large part of our behavior, thoughts and related aspects, neuroscience is involved in the need to enhance both the methods and the ways to teach a person about any subject from affective proximity.

Recognition of learning disabilities

Mental imbalances can be known, as well as neuropsychological functions that are not stable, so early help and attention can be given for their possible solution.

Emotional control ability

The study obtained through neuroscience provides the necessary information for the construction of strategies that allow self-control of emotions , as well as the construction of them from a more balanced point for a healthy social development.

Benefits of neuroscience

  • It allows to be a natural learning tool par excellence.
  • It gives the brain the ability to feed back, learn, and develop.
  • It guarantees the brain adaptation to stimuli.
  • Increases the level of learning of the brain.
  • It allows to carry out high quality learning methodologies.
  • It helps the proactivity of a person when carrying out a project.
  • Collaborate in the construction of useful strategies and problem solving.
  • Encourage socializing with other people.
  • Ease of enhancing memory and reasoning.
  • Less chance of developing depression .
  • Reduce stress levels .

Curiosities of the brain through neuroscience

  1. A part of the brain is responsible for recognizing faces

When you manage to recognize a person’s face, it is due to a part of the brain called the fusiform gyrus , which guarantees such recognition to facilitate social relationships. This area of ​​the brain is activated when we observe shapes similar to faces or faces of other people.

  1. The brain could be the union of two nervous systems

According to some studies, the brain could be made up of more than one nervous system, which developed individually. This means that one system would be in charge of capturing all the stimuli, while the other would mobilize the parts of the organism.

  1. The brain is 60% fat

Believe it or not, the brain is mainly made up of fat, which remains accumulated and covers part of the neurons; this in order that the electrical impulses transmitted by neurons can travel faster through the body.

  1. The brain is always working

You never stop working or staying active, even when you are in a state of rest or sleeping, as well as when you lose consciousness after a blow, it is when the brain is most active. So when it stops working it is because the heart no longer pumps blood.

  1. The brain has no pain receptors

It is not a secret to anyone that the brain has endless nerve fibers, but they are completely insensitive to pain; unless you receive such notice from another part of the body. This means that in some medical interventions the brain can be exposed while the patient is in a conscious state.

  1. Outstanding speed of message delivery

Although the human brain is often compared to a computer, the truth is that the brain has no point of comparison when it comes to how quickly it sends messages throughout the body when a stimulus is presented. Therefore, it is an organ of great value and importance for the proper development of human faculties.

Creativity levels according to neuroscience

Believe it or not, neuroscience also allows us to know what are the types of creativity that can be present in a person ; So recognizing this will allow you to enhance or work even more to improve what you want in relation to being more creative. In addition, you will also be able to discover a little more about yourself.

  1. Mimetic creativity : it is one that focuses on the application of an acquired experience to another discipline or work area; all in order to recreate new things.
  2. Biasociative creativity : it is the ability to link several ideas in the same time and space, where there must mainly be 3 skills or conditions , such as flexibility, flow and fluency.
  3. Analog creativity : it focuses on the comparison of some similarities that allow information to be transferred from one place to another with the aim of creating something new or resolving a conflict.
  4. Narrative creativity : it is about the narration of stories from different points of view, which will allow to recreate something new but with a variety of approaches or perspectives , without losing the essence or structure of the stories.
  5. Intuitive creativity : it is the highest step of maximum creativity, where the talent of the person mainly emerges , but which can be developed by not so skilled people through meditation.

In conclusion, neuroscience has had a great impact over time on the social and medical studies of the brain , as well as human behavior; since it is impossible to know, understand and understand how the mind and brain work by themselves without any help or strategy.

In addition, the benefits, contributions and capabilities that neuroscience represents today not only allow studying the human being from its best designed operations center, but also applying the tool of neuroscience in other fields of daily life, starting with psychology to the corporate or business world.

In this regard, neuromarketing continues to take over marketing strategies , since it not only presents the possibility of accessing potential customers; Instead, you have the opportunity to know, understand and analyze the real needs of the person and from there, offer them a more organic and real offer according to what they want.

And as if that were not enough, many professionals advise the knowledge of neuroscience as something essential , since what happens inside the brain is a complex process. Therefore, currently the study of neuroscience can be taken into account to care for people who suffer from various disorders that are born in the brain, such as anxiety, difficulty sleeping, anguish or stress. To solve and address such problems, neuroscience must be present.

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Hello Readers, I am Nikki Bella a Psychology student. I have always been concerned about human behavior and the mental processes that lead us to act and think the way we do. My collaboration as an editor in the psychology area of ​​Well Being Pole has allowed me to investigate further and expand my knowledge in the field of mental health; I have also acquired great knowledge about physical health and well-being, two fundamental bases that are directly related and are part of all mental health.

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