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Pollen allergy


The allergy to pollen is one of the most widespread diseases around the world. It is estimated that 400 million people globally suffer from this condition ; According to data provided by the Spanish Society of Allergology and Clinical Immunology (Seaic), in Spain there are more than 8 million affected.

The clinical picture that triggers contact with pollen is very broad; from the mildest symptoms like sneezing or watery eyes, to the most serious ones like fatigue or depression. Below we explain everything related to pollen allergy, in relation to its causes and symptoms. We also provide a series of home remedies to minimize the symptoms of the disease.

What is pollen?

Microscopic grains that contain sperm cells are known as pollen. They are produced by the reproductive system of flowers (the male) and transport sperm cells to the female reproductive system in order to fertilize them. Plants are capable of producing several thousand pollen grains , which have a yellow powdery appearance on the flowers; when they are scattered in the air they cannot be seen.

Some people confuse pollen with the white fluff that some plants produce in spring, such as poplars. But these fluff are not the cause of the allergy.

In all those people who have an allergy to pollen, their immune system perceives this substance as a harmful agent , generating a response to it as a defense system; the body releases a set of chemicals into the bloodstream, such as histamine , which generates the symptoms of allergy.

What types are there?

Next we are going to point out the different types of pollen sources that exist and what are the characteristics of each of them.

  • Grasses: these constitute the first cause of allergy in Spain; generally, they occur in the center and north of the country. They are weeds that grow on the edges of roads and open fields. The highest concentration of grasses occurs between April and July.
  • Oleas: a wide range of trees and shrubs are included, although only three of them have a detrimental effect on allergy sufferers. Polivo is the most common and allergenic; a very common tree in the Mediterranean area. Taking into account that 62% of the province of Jaén is dedicated to olive cultivation, this is where the highest number of allergies occur.
  • Parietaria: a very allergenic weed family that occurs in the coastal areas of the Mediterranean; the vast majority of them occur in lots. The most affected provinces are Murcia, Barcelona and Valencia.

Causes of pollen allergy

Regarding the causes that trigger this type of allergy, there are many and very varied. However, they are not specific causes of pollen allergy, but they are in common with all types of allergies that exist.

  • Genetics: this is the most common reason of all. Many of the allergy patients have both a maternal and maternal history.
  • Race: It is estimated that about 20% of the white population has allergy problems. A much higher percentage than people of other races.
  • Exposure to botanical species: Of course, exposure to certain botanical species such as grasses leads to reactions both by air and by contact.

Pollen allergy symptoms

Depending on the clinical history of the patients , as well as their age, the symptoms of this allergy may vary. Some of the most common are tearing and redness of the eye, as well as various reactions associated with conjunctivitis . This occurs in practically 100% of people who have a pollen allergy when their body comes into contact with this substance.

You may also be interested in:   Best home remedies for allergies

In addition, some patients experience frequent sneezing, fatigue, tiredness, headache, swelling in the lower eyelids, and insomnia .

Of course, the symptoms go beyond physical appearance. Pollen allergy can also negatively affect mental health; it is common for patients to present great irritability and sadness .

Pollen allergy home remedies

There is a wide range of home remedies to combat the symptoms of pollen allergy. It is worth noting that these remedies made with natural ingredients do not cure the disease, but they do avoid the intensity of the symptoms to a great extent , so the condition becomes much more bearable.


Nettle is one of the oldest home remedies that works best to deal with the symptoms of a pollen allergy as it helps to significantly reduce mucus .

The best way to take this remedy is by infusion. You simply have to bring a cup of water to boil and, when it reaches boiling point, add a couple of tablespoons of nettle leaves. Then, let it cook for a couple of minutes and remove. Strain the infusion, let it temper and drink. You can consume this infusion as many times as you consider necessary to minimize symptoms.

Licorice root

One of the best natural remedies for allergy rhinitis as it has great anti-inflammatory properties . However, it is not an effective solution for those patients with hypertension.

The best way to take licorice root is by infusion. To do this you simply have to add this ingredient in a glass of boiling water, let it rest for a few minutes, strain and let it warm.


A 100% recommended home remedy if the pollen allergy has caused you nasal congestion, so that you feel that it is difficult to breathe. Onion is high in flavonoids , which minimize the symptoms of this type of allergy.

It is very simple both to prepare and to apply. You simply have to marinate a glass of water for five minutes with an onion peeled and cut into pieces and then drink the mixture.

Prevention tips

Pollen allergy cannot be avoided as such. However, there are a series of measures to take into account to minimize contact with pollen as much as possible and, in this way, reduce the intensity of the symptoms.

  • It is important to avoid outdoor activities as much as possible , especially in green areas such as the countryside or the forest. This advice is especially relevant on those days when the concentration of pollen in the air is high.
  • Of course, it is 100% advisable to maximize the hygiene of both the hands and the face . In addition, it is advisable to apply water to the nose and eyes with some frequency.
  • In spring, it is best to keep the windows of the house closed during the day. The right time to ventilate the different rooms is during the morning; five minutes is enough.
  • The cleaning in the home t Ambien is essential to minimize the symptoms of allergy to pollen. It is best to use a vacuum cleaner for the floor and a damp cloth for furniture and other surfaces.
  • When traveling by car, a good idea is to use a pollen filter to reduce exposure to the allergen as much as possible.


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Hello Readers, I am Nikki Bella a Psychology student. I have always been concerned about human behavior and the mental processes that lead us to act and think the way we do. My collaboration as an editor in the psychology area of ​​Well Being Pole has allowed me to investigate further and expand my knowledge in the field of mental health; I have also acquired great knowledge about physical health and well-being, two fundamental bases that are directly related and are part of all mental health.

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