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Sores on the tongue

The sores on the tongue are minor ulcers that are not serious and heal within a few weeks without leaving scars. However, they are most annoying as they cause problems both with speaking and with eating and drinking.

At first they appear as a blister covered with a white layer, and then they turn into sores, the internal part of which can be totally red.

What are sores on the tongue?

Sores are defined as ulcerative lesions that develop in this muscular organ. They are characterized by having a rounded or oval shape and a whitish color. Their size can be highly variable depending on certain factors, such as the cause for which they occur or whether or not the individual suffers from a chronic disease.

It is important to note that sores on the tongue are in no way contagious , not even through saliva . Despite the fact that in the vast majority of cases they are not a condition that is serious from a medical point of view, they are very annoying for those who suffer from them. They cause difficulties when chewing food and even drinking.

Although everyone can suffer from them, it is more common in children and young people . It is precisely this type of ulceration that has a longer healing process since on the tongue they are in permanent contact with both teeth and food, so they suffer constant friction. In general, the recovery time is between ten and fifteen days.

Why do they appear?

When it comes to the causes of tongue sores, there are a number of risk factors that are worth knowing.

Accidentally biting your tongue

One of the most frequent causes for which they appear is due to the fact of accidentally biting the tongue, especially in young children .


The stress is one of the major diseases of the XXI Century, which affects both adults and small. Thus, a state of stress and anxiety continued over time can lead to the appearance of sores on the tongue.


Those with wire braces are also at high risk for tongue sores. This type of device incorporates hooks that, if released, can affect the tongue.

Poor hygiene

Experts point out that one of the most common causes of this condition is poor oral hygiene. Thus, the accumulation of germs and bacteria can favor the appearance of these annoying ulcers.

That is why it is so important to maintain optimal oral hygiene in both children and adults, which involves brushing your teeth after meals, as well as using dental floss and mouthwash.

Hormonal changes

Mainly among women, hormonal changes are another possible cause of the appearance of sores. This type of ulceration in the oral cavity is frequent during menstruation and / or pregnancy .

Nutrient deficiency

The lack of certain essential nutrients for the proper functioning of the body , such as vitamin B12, iron or folic acid can also lead to the appearance of these ulcerative lesions on the tongue.

To avoid this risk factor, it is recommended to follow a balanced and healthy diet, prioritizing the consumption of seasonal fruits and vegetables.


The most common is that the sores appear in isolation on the tongue. However, when these types of ulcerations appear several at the same time, they can be a symptom of certain diseases.

  • HIV: HIV is the virus that causes AIDS , which weakens the immune system. A sexually transmitted disorder that destroys certain cells of the immune system, making the body unable to defend itself against some diseases.
  • Celiac disease : Celiac disease is a disease characterized by a reaction to the consumption of gluten. Thus, when people with this disorder eat foods with gluten, their immune system reacts in such a way that it causes damage to the lining of the small intestine, thereby preventing the body from absorbing nutrients properly.
  • Crohn’s disease : a chronic inflammatory process that affects the intestinal tract. The most common symptoms are abdominal pain, diarrhea, anal discharge, and rectal abscess.
  • Herpes: herpes is an infection that causes sores in both the mouth and the face; the tongue is precisely one of the most affected areas. It is spread by direct contact and in the vast majority of cases does not give rise to any symptoms beyond the sores.
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Symptoms of sores on the tongue

Sores are an easy condition to detect as these types of ulcerative lesions are visible. There are certain signs that should be paid special attention, such as the presence of pus in the mouth, which can be a clear indication of infection.

In the same way, in parallel to the sores on the tongue, the person may feel burning or even pain when consuming hot and cold foods . The presence of a white or yellow coating on the tongue is another symptom to observe.

Treatment of sores on the tongue

It is important to note that sores do not require medical treatment to heal . As days go by, they disappear on their own in both adults and children.

In the vast majority of cases, in about a week they have healed completely, without leaving any scars. However, it must be taken into account that these types of ulcerative lesions are found in a humid area, so the healing process is slower than if they occur in any other area of ​​the body.

During the time that the sores remain, there are a series of basic guidelines and recommendations to keep in mind: eat soft foods, pay attention not to brush the tongue with the teeth, avoid hot and cold foods …

Home remedies for tongue sores

There are a series of home remedies made with 100% natural ingredients that can be of great help to heal sores on the tongue.

Warm water and salt

One of the simplest and at the same time most effective solutions to alleviate the symptoms of these ulcerative lesions and, in addition, accelerate the healing process.

Simply perform mouthwashes with warm water and salt. Although it is true that it stings a bit, using this remedy continuously, the results are very good. In addition, it is very useful to reduce the risk of suffering an infection .


Chamomile is a natural anti-inflammatory with which you can make a mouthwash to gargle and heal sores.

The preparation process is as follows. First, put water to boil and, when it reaches its boiling point, add a teaspoon of chamomile flowers. Then let it cook for a couple of minutes. Once the time has elapsed, it is removed from the heat and left to rest for a few minutes. And finally, sneak in and gargle.

Aloe vera

Aloe vera is one of the natural ingredients with the greatest number of properties and health benefits . When it comes to sores on the tongue, just place a little aloe vera gel on a gauze pad and put it on the ulcer lesions. Let it rest for five minutes and, once the time has elapsed, carefully remove it.

How to avoid sores on the tongue?

Finally, we want to point out a series of tips to minimize the risk of suffering from this condition. They are very simple tips that can be included in the daily routine.

  • Food : as we have pointed out, one of the main causes of sores on the tongue is the lack of certain nutrients in the body. Thus, it is essential to have a healthy and varied diet, consuming fruits and vegetables daily.
  • Chewing: when consuming food, it is important to eat slowly and chew calmly. This reduces the risk of accidentally biting your tongue.
  • Oral hygiene : of course, maintaining good oral hygiene is essential for both children and adults. To avoid sores on the tongue, the ideal is to get a brush that also allows you to clean the tongue in depth, preventing germs and bacteria from accumulating on it.
  • Biting: it is also advisable to avoid biting pens and nails. This is a very common custom in children and young people.
  • Stress: and finally, leading a calm and relaxed lifestyle is also very helpful. Stress is one of the main triggers for tongue sores, so you have to try to keep it at bay.


In conclusion, note that tongue sores are a common condition that everyone suffers at least once in their life. They are not serious, although they are very annoying, so we recommend taking into account the factors explained in the previous section to avoid them.

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Hello Readers, I am Nikki Bella a Psychology student. I have always been concerned about human behavior and the mental processes that lead us to act and think the way we do. My collaboration as an editor in the psychology area of ​​Well Being Pole has allowed me to investigate further and expand my knowledge in the field of mental health; I have also acquired great knowledge about physical health and well-being, two fundamental bases that are directly related and are part of all mental health.

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