There is always the hope of thinking that a limit has been reached that cannot be crossed. This may be the case with drugs: a few years ago it could be expected that the addictive substances that existed at that time would end the fight against drugs.
But it is obvious that this is not the case, some “new” (in quotation marks, because some of these drugs have been on the black market for more than thirty years, as is the case with MDMA) appear on the “market” substances, which we call drug drugs. synthesis , analogues or chemical drugs (previously wrongly called “designer”), which the only new thing they present is that they are manufactured in clandestine laboratories with chemical products and seek only to simulate the effects of other substances that already existed on the market, something like that as “drugs on demand”, hence its former name.
For parents they represent nothing more than a new and unknown “danger” that our children have to face; But for them, it can mean the opening of another new path into the world of addictions.
What has been shown with these drugs is that we are capable of infinitely generating substances through chemical combinations, their effects being unpredictable, being able to produce consequences of different qualities and even induce the death of the user.
Undoubtedly, for those who are dedicated to the “ignoble art” of producing these drugs, the advantages they can count on are greater than with other types of substances, since, on the one hand, they do not need to grow anything at all, they can supply the market from an area close to it, without having to enter it from other continents; they have the power to “build” the drug the market wants at all times and, finally, they count on the fact that they are much cheaper to manufacture and therefore cheaper for future consumers to buy.
Origin and history
Although we usually refer to synthetic drugs as “new”, we have to clarify that they have been in existence for more than forty years, since we can place them in time, approximately, towards the sixties.
Curiously, its origin is due to a limitation in the pharmaceutical market for amphetamines, which was restricted during the sixties, which led to the appearance of the first clandestine laboratories, which with very few resources managed to synthesize substances similar to the aforementioned amphetamines , as well as another long series of which even the effects they caused were unknown.
Very quickly the use of these substances spread to the recreational areas of young people. One of the best known and most widespread synthetic drugs in the eighties was “speed”, a methamphetamine of greater potency and duration, with more harmful effects than amphetamines.
It is from the seventies when they begin to “flood” the underground market with a large number of variants of these substances with different names and chemical compositions, which is why they adopted the generic name of “designer drugs”, since somehow shape could be “designed” to suit the most demanding consumer; Furthermore, it coincided in time with the modernist current, in which everything was made by “different” patterns, which were called “design”; consequently, this term attracted much more, since it suggested an avant-garde and attractive content, in line with the times.
In the eighties the consumption of these drugs was linked to some musical movements of the time. It should be noted above all the “Acid house” that was born on the island of Ibiza and is associated with drug use and sex. This type of music is developed fundamentally to be danced by introducing a large number of percussion elements, rhythms that are repeated over and over again in a fast way.
This music is what gave way, later, to another musical phenomenon of great “depth” in our society, especially in eastern Spain, known as the “bakalao route.” This movement consists of a kind of “pilgrimage” through different places where this type of music could be heard and where synthetic drugs (mainly MDMA) were consumed in order to “endure” without sleeping for a whole weekend. This format was quickly absorbed by other autonomous communities, becoming general in much of the Spanish territory.
We can consider these substances as the most developed at present. It falls within what we call “recreational drugs”, associated with partying, having fun and being able to endure the longer the better, whatever the state.
Classification and effects
Trying to cover all the synthetic drugs that exist in the clandestine market would be too extensive and perhaps unproductive, so we will try to summarize the most common among the youth. We are going to review a classification of these drugs into four groups:
This drug began to be made [or consumed] in the decade of the sixties. The objective pursued in developing this substance is that it be used to lose weight (as a “brake” for hunger), although it never really made it to pharmacies. It is in the seventies when it is declared a dangerous drug and it is then when it reaches its maximum diffusion in the clandestine markets.
This substance is a buffered amphetamine, that is, it has the same euphoric effects but in a more attenuated form than those of amphetamines. Aphrodisiac effects were attributed to it among habitual sellers and consumers, so the most widespread name of this drug is that of “love pill”, although it is sometimes distributed as “ecstasy”.
Its elaboration with respect to the MDA is previous (1914, by the Merck laboratories) but with the same objective: «to reduce hunger to lose weight». It was used for a few years, in the seventies in North America and until its prohibition, in the pharmaceutical market, then going underground.
One of the clearest effects that this substance causes is that of an emotional state of empathy , both with the positive and negative behaviors of others, although we must always take into account the amount of drug ingested and the frequency of drug use. herself.
Component of another substance commonly known as STP (initials for Serenity-Tranquility-Peace). It is a substance that is associated with the hippie movement, one of the most popular movements in the world during the sixties.
The most prominent effects are tremors, tachycardia, increased blood pressure and, depending on the dose ingested, hallucinations and various alterations in perception may appear.
A synthetic drug very similar in composition and effects is DOET (Dimethoxyethylamphetamine).
This substance also dates from the sixties and practically from its birth it was already considered highly dangerous. It should be noted in this drug that it was the users themselves who described it as very dangerous, especially because of its great power to generate normally negative hallucinations, as described by the “users” of the same. It was originally created as an anesthetic for animals (for veterinary use).
As with other synthetic drugs, this one also adopted different “attractive” names in the underground market, in order to “convince” potential users. Among others, the most common were: “angel dust”, “love ship”, “peace pill”, “magic cloud”, “horse tranquilizer”.
Consumption and diseases
The consumption of synthetic drugs has been linked to musical movements since its inception, but nowadays it is associated with what we call “recreational drugs”, which are consumed to spend a weekend and be able to “hold on” without stopping, according to the perception that
young people and users have of these drugs .
The vast majority of them, if not all, are consumed orally. They have a pill or capsule format, which are usually the most common. However substances such as MDMA are also used inhaled and even injected. Something similar occurs with PCP, which comes in the form of a white powder to be dissolved in water, or any other liquid, and ingested drunk, and is rarely consumed injected.
One of the most marked characteristics of the consumption of synthetic drugs is that their habitual users do not usually mix them with alcohol, preferring water.
Their degree of danger is, in these drugs, very relative and depends on the type of specific substance that is taken, its frequency and its combination (consumers who mix different synthetic drugs). The most important thing I would
highlight is that its effects on the body are “unpredictable.” We need a few more years to pass to be able to know with greater certainty what effects they have in the long term on our body.
- Coronary: The most common are tachycardias and other heart rhythm disturbances.
- Muscular: Tremors and involuntary movements of the body appear. In particular, mention should be made of lockjaw.
- Skin: There is a sensation of tingling, numbness and intense burning.
- Vision: There may be abundant vision disturbances. Among the most frequent we can point out, without a doubt, blurred vision and visual hallucinations.
- Others: High sweating, nausea, vomiting, dry mouth, paresthesia.
It should be emphasized that regular users are at greater risk of suffering from ” heat stroke “, in which there is a drop in blood pressure causing loss of consciousness. Another common manifestation among this type of user is the so-called “flash-backs” or continuous hallucinations (even in withdrawal situations, that is, without having taken synthetic drugs at that time).
Hello Readers, I am Nikki Bella a Psychology student. I have always been concerned about human behavior and the mental processes that lead us to act and think the way we do. My collaboration as an editor in the psychology area of Well Being Pole has allowed me to investigate further and expand my knowledge in the field of mental health; I have also acquired great knowledge about physical health and well-being, two fundamental bases that are directly related and are part of all mental health.