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Tips to take care of your skin in summer and enjoy the sun

It is important to take care of your skin throughout the year, but you must pay special attention to it during the summer months. The sun and high temperatures can damage the epidermis, if the appropriate measures are not taken.

To protect and take care of the skin in summer , it is necessary to apply sunscreen with SPF all over the body, hydrate well and watch the diet. Facial care is just as important as body care . It is a question of beauty and health, in general.

Sun and skin

Human beings rule their life around the sun. People focus their activity during the day and sleep at night, when the sun illuminates the other part of the planet. What’s more, people who barely see the sun are prone to certain depressive disorders.

The great star is a source of energy, health and life. But -beware- it also has its dark side. Ultraviolet, UVA and UVB rays are harmful to people when they reach skin cells, as they can alter their normal growth and appearance. They burn her, punish her, age her and make her sick. They are high risk factors.

Although human nature has an advanced immune system , which allows the constant regeneration of the skin, protection and care are essential to avoid permanent damage.

Over the years, the epidermis loses its capacity to regenerate, so the risk increases. Aging accelerates, spots appear and DNA is more vulnerable to being altered, which can lead to cancer or considerable injury.

Tips to prepare your skin for summer

Below we explain all the aspects to take into account to prepare the skin for the summer. They are very simple tips but they are of great help to achieve a well-cared, tanned skin with a radiant appearance.

Exfoliation

After saying goodbye to the dreary gray days of winter, one of the first steps in preparing your skin for summer is exfoliating. It is a very simple ritual that eliminates the dead cells accumulated on the skin . In this way, the skin can breathe much better, looking more luminous and radiant.

And it is that, if you do not remove impurities and dead cells, the pores become clogged and there is a greater probability that blackheads and spots appear on the skin .

To make the result even better, you can exfoliate with a sisal glove, which activates blood circulation and reactivates cell renewal. Thus, the skin is better oxygenated.

Here we explain how to exfoliate the skin step by step so that you do not miss anything.

  1. First of all, the skin must be completely clean, both dirt and makeup.
  2. Next, with slightly damp skin, apply scrub for face and body. You must expand the product in circular movements, exerting light pressure with the tips of your fingers.
  3. Let it act for a few minutes and rinse with plenty of warm water.
  4. To end the ritual, apply your usual moisturizer.

Ideally, exfoliate the skin once or twice a week; a higher frequency can damage it, so it is not recommended.

Hydrated skin

Once the skin is completely clean of impurities and dead cells thanks to the exfoliation, it is time to deeply hydrate it . And is that summer is an especially critical time for the health of the skin; Factors such as UVB and UVA rays from the sun, chlorine from the pool, or sea salt tend to dry out it.

For skin hydration to be really effective, you must choose a specific product for each area of ​​the body ; face, body, hands and feet. The most important thing is to deeply hydrate the dermis, so that it has a luminous appearance and a smooth texture.

Solar protection

Of course, sun protection is essential during the summer season, even on cloudy days as the sun’s rays are still present. Furthermore, cloudy days are perhaps more dangerous because people do not realize the danger and are left without protection for longer.

You should choose a specific face and body protector for your skin type and tone. Although the vast majority of people forget their lips, they are especially sensitive to UVB and UVA rays from the sun, so it is also advisable to apply a sunscreen for this area. The sunscreen should be applied half an hour before exposure and, if it is prolonged, reapply every two hours approximately.

A good advice is to avoid the central hours of the day , that is, between 12:00 and 16:00 since the sun’s rays are much more intense and, therefore, the risk of burning is greater.

Feeding

It is as important to take care of the skin on the outside as on the inside in summer. Following a proper diet is a fundamental tip to show off radiant skin.

Foods such as tomatoes or carrots significantly stimulate melanin synthesis , thus helping to achieve a brighter and longer-lasting tan. Two essential nutrients for the skin during the summer season are vitamin A and vitamin E; thus, the consumption of foods such as salmon, vegetable oils and cereals is advisable.

In the summer it is best to eat a fresh and healthy diet . Consuming greens and vegetables twice a day is key; foods like gazpachos or salads are great for the summer. Also the fruit; It is advisable to take two or three pieces a day, better if they are in season.

To avoid any type of food poisoning , it is essential to exercise extreme hygiene habits when handling food and wash your hands frequently. This is important throughout the year, but even more so in summer.

And finally, when it comes to hydration , it is key to stay hydrated during the summer season. The ideal is to consume two liters of water daily; You can accompany them with fruits and vegetables with a high water content, such as watermelon or melon, for example.

Relaxation

The stress hurts so much both health and to the appearance of the skin in several respects. On the one hand, it releases neuropeptides in certain nerve endings in the skin, thus generating a great itching sensation for no apparent reason. On the other hand, it stimulates the adrenal glands , increasing the chances of acne and dermatitis appearing. And finally, stress can lead to premature aging of the skin, causing wrinkles and loss of both firmness and elasticity.

Sunscreen throughout the year

The skin must be cared for all year round, but especially during spring and summer. Clothing, glasses and sunscreen play a fundamental role in body care . Between ten in the morning and four in the afternoon, the sun is most aggressive. It is therefore advisable to limit exposure during this period.

Protection from sunlight is for all ages. Children’s skin is very sensitive and that of adults ages faster, if preventive measures are not taken.

You may also be interested in:   The best homemade scrubs for the face

Sun protection levels

Protective creams indicate their level of sun protection (SPF). Typically they are 15, 30, or 50. Each number represents the times it takes your skin to burn without sunscreen. That is, if you use one of 15, it means that it will take fifteen times longer to burn your epidermis than if you do not use any measure.

There are some brands that sell sunscreen for facial care . The skin of the face is very sensitive. Therefore, it is advisable to protect it well. It is a matter of health and image, since the spots do not take long to appear.

The effectiveness of protective creams or sprays depends on a number of factors. The active ingredients in these formulas break down over time. Before using them, you have to make sure that they are not expired and spread several times a day, especially if you are in the sea or the pool, since water can reduce their effectiveness.

Sunscreen according to skin type

Skin color or phototype is determined by inherited and racial genes and pigments. The tone of the epidermis is created by the combination of four basic biochromes: red, yellow, blue and brown. Melanin is what defines, finally, the main color of the skin.

To know what the phototype of each person is, one must take into account the appearance of freckles during the summer, the skin tone in winter, the one acquired when tanning and the appearance of blisters after sun exposure. Based on these characteristics, the skins are grouped around six phototypes and each of them requires a type of sun protection factor.

Phototype I or Celtic is recognized because the skin is very white and sensitive. Typically seen in people with light eyes and lots of freckles. Its epidermis burns easily, it turns red after ten or twelve minutes of sunbathing, it ages early and has a tendency to develop tumors, even if they are benign. They need a sunscreen of factor 80 to 100.

Phototype II or Germanic is similar to I, although the skin is a little less sensitive and requires an SPF of 50 to 80. In its evolution, phototype III or Caucasian occurs in white-skinned people who, when tanned, do not it burns so easily, although they run the risk of staining. In this case, a factor 30 to 50 blocker is recommended.

Phototype IV is the Mediterranean. It is presented by people with slightly darker skin, brown eyes, and black or brown hair. Typically, phototype IV skins do not burn, but rather tan and require an SPF of 20 to 30. Phototype V, Amerindian or mestizo, is found in people with very dark hair. The aging of your skin is late and it is very rare that you burn. They need an SPF of 15 to 20. And finally, phototype VI appears on black skins, which, with an SPF 15, protect themselves perfectly.

It is important that sunscreens protect from ultraviolet A (UVA) and B (UVB) radiation and have a moisturizer to prevent dryness.

Hydration in summer

The two allies to protect the skin during the summer months are sunscreen and hydration. It is important to use moisturizing facial creams, drink water and maintain a balanced diet.

Hydrating foods

In summer, it is better to opt for a diet rich in hydrating foods that promote muscle mobility and blood flow, prevent fluid retention and ensure the proper functioning of internal organs.

In addition to drinking water, antioxidants must be included in the diet. 86% of the apple is water and contains antioxidants and fiber, which helps to improve gastric processes, important for keeping the skin hydrated. Another food that cannot be missed is cucumber, which, with 96% water, is rich in potassium , vitamin C and fiber. Watermelon is good for the heart, contains high levels of vitamin C, and is highly hydrating. Citrus fruits, tomatoes, green leafy vegetables, kiwi, papaya and fish must also be included in a healthy diet that helps to take care of the epidermis and maintain a good internal balance.

Face creams

Both during the day and at night it is important to use a good moisturizer. The advisable thing is one designed for sleeping and another for daily activity, since the compounds of both are different. They are designed for each moment of their application.

Beware of medications and some treatments

Some drugs, such as birth control pills, are photosensitizing and, with sun exposure, there is a risk that spots may appear. So the protector is indispensable for women taking these pills.

Another risk factor is laser treatment. If you opt for this very comfortable form of hair removal, it is best to end the sessions during the spring. In summer, it is counterproductive, since spots can appear in the treated areas.

Sunglasses in summer

The eyes are sensitive to sunlight. You have to use the right glasses to protect yourself from the sun star and avoid contour wrinkles. If the lenses cover part of the face, they help protect the skin from the spots caused by solar radiation. It is also important that they have filters.

Caring for your skin when doing sports

When playing sports, both in winter and summer, it is essential to hydrate well. If it is practiced outdoors, the sunscreen of the corresponding factor cannot be lacking either. There are some brands that have sunscreen designed for sports practice, which are resistant to sweat and rubbing and do not irritate the eyes.

You also have to wear synthetic fiber clothes that do not fit too much to the body and clean the skin before exercising and removing make-up. The most advisable shower gels are those with a neutral or mild pH.

Other issues to consider

During the summer, bathing in the pool or beach is common. The chlorine in the pool directly affects the epidermis. For this reason, it is necessary to take extreme precautions and shower and hydrate well as soon as the bath is over.

On the other hand, sea water is very beneficial for the skin. In fact, it is excellent for certain dermatological conditions.

The skin is the part of people most exposed to external factors. Taking care of the epidermis is essential throughout the year, but extreme precautions must be taken during the spring and summer months. He wears less clothes and the sun is more aggressive. With a good diet and these tips, it is possible to maintain natural beauty and skin care in summer.

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Hello Readers, I am Nikki Bella a Psychology student. I have always been concerned about human behavior and the mental processes that lead us to act and think the way we do. My collaboration as an editor in the psychology area of ​​Well Being Pole has allowed me to investigate further and expand my knowledge in the field of mental health; I have also acquired great knowledge about physical health and well-being, two fundamental bases that are directly related and are part of all mental health.

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