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Types of psychotherapy


Psychotherapy is a psychological treatment that aims to help understand and improve thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. It is a process focused on helping an individual get to know themselves better and learn constructive ways of dealing with problems.

The approaches to psychotherapy are varied.  Many are based on scientific evidence and foundations, and others are based on theory or anecdotal evidence.

During a psychotherapy session, the subject suffering from psychopathology talks with his trusted therapist about the events that may be causing an alteration in his behavior ; After listening carefully to the patient, the therapist will provide the necessary bases to understand his behavior, and will help him to identify and work through the factors that can trigger psychopathology.

It must be borne in mind that the selection of a suitable psychotherapist is essential for the therapy to work correctly and to achieve positive results, that is why in Blogpsychology we offer you a list with different types of psychotherapy , so that you can investigate and discover for yourself what type therapy may be your best option.

Different types of psychotherapy

Cognitive behavioral therapy

Cognitive behavioral therapy combines different methods derived from cognitive therapy and behavioral therapy, and focuses on helping an individual understand how changing their behavior can lead to changes in their way of feeling and thinking.

It is believed that different types of disorders, including depression , are the result of wrong thoughts and beliefs , therefore the objective of this therapy is focused on increasing the commitment of the person in positive activities, which help them overcome their weaknesses, It has been proven that if the perception of the person is changed in the face of different events, the emotional state tends to improve.

Cognitive behavioral therapy uses a structured method that carefully measures what the person is doing and seeks to increase the chances of positive and experience.

The different stages of treatment are:

Self-monitoring: At this stage, the individual is asked to write down all the activities carried out during the day. You will then show them to your therapist in the session and he or she will go over the list in detail.

Daily routines are established:  The therapist shows the patient that there are other activities they could do that will provide opportunities for a positive experience, and they work together to create a rich schedule of activities.

Role play: Role play is a method used by psychotherapists to help the person develop new skills and anticipate problems that may arise in social interactions.

Behavior change:  This is the last stage of therapy, in which the patient is rewarded for participating in positive behavior.

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Psychoanalytic psychotherapy

Psychoanalytic psychotherapy has its origins in Freud’s theory of psychoanalysis . This theory shows how unconscious conflicts originating in childhood have an impact on an individual’s behavior.

In the psychoanalytic therapy session, the therapist will be in charge of bringing out their repressed desires and experiences that generate an inner conflict.

The psychoanalytic techniques used in this therapy are: the interpretation of dreams , failed acts and free association .

Psychoanalytic psychotherapy is used to treat different types of psychological disorders, but it is also used to help people who feel out of place and experience a loss of meaning in their lives.

Psychodynamic Psychotherapy

Psychodynamic psychotherapy is based on theories and practices of analytical psychology and psychoanalysis.

In this therapeutic process, patients are helped to understand and solve hidden problems and conflicts, making them  aware of their inner world and the influence they have on their relationships, both past and present.

This therapy is often used to reduce symptoms in patients suffering from different types of trauma and severe psychological disorders.

Gestalt therapy

The gestalt psychology is based on the observation of the connection between the human mind and behavior. For this reason, the basic principle of this psychological current is that “the whole is more than the sum of the parts.”

Within Gestalt therapy, therapists and patients use creative and experimental techniques to increase the patient’s awareness, freedom, and self-direction.

Gestalt therapy uses the same methods as person-centered therapy. Gestalt psychotherapists use empathy and understanding of the patient to achieve greater effectiveness in treatment.

Formats of psychotherapies

Psychotherapies can be given in a variety of formats, which we will detail below:

Individual therapy: This therapy is person-centered and only involves the patient and the therapist.

Group therapy: This involves two or more patients participating in therapy at the same time. Such patients can share experiences and feelings, and learn from the experiences of others.

Couples Therapies: This therapy provides psychological support to couples and marriages, and helps them understand what changes and behaviors they should adopt to improve their relationship or how they can help their partner, if they suffer from a mental disorder.

Family  therapy : Family therapy is generally used when an individual in the family appears to be a psychological disorder. Family members are helped to understand what their loved one is going through and are given psychological counseling to help them cope with conflict, and are given tools so that they can help their loved one.


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Hello Readers, I am Nikki Bella a Psychology student. I have always been concerned about human behavior and the mental processes that lead us to act and think the way we do. My collaboration as an editor in the psychology area of ​​Well Being Pole has allowed me to investigate further and expand my knowledge in the field of mental health; I have also acquired great knowledge about physical health and well-being, two fundamental bases that are directly related and are part of all mental health.

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