The color and texture of our tongue is an indication of our state of health. In general, the normal color of the tongue should be light red , free of cracks and with little red dots, known as taste buds. However it is not always so. There are some people whose color has changed over time and now it looks whitish.
Why do I have a white tongue?
Usually this is due to poor oral hygiene , as many people forget that the tongue also has to be brushed. However, the white tongue is also related to some conditions, mainly stomach . Therefore, we invite you to continue reading this article to find out everything you need to know about the causes and solutions of white tongue.
Does the color of the tongue matter?
Yes, and a lot. In fact, in medicine there is a technique known as glossodiagnosis that consists of examining the structure, color and texture of the tongue in search of signs that may be associated with different diseases. Glossodiagnosis studies each part of the tongue because each area is indicative of the state of health of a part of the body.
Why do I have red spots on my tongue?
The healthy legua is pale red in color and has a small layer of secretion that is derived from the stomach. The tongue should move normally, it should not be shaky, and it should never be too dry or too wet. When something does not go well with the tongue, it is important to see a doctor, since it can be an indication of an oral or stomach disease that must be treated in time.
In short, if they are red dots like the image below, they are normal, that is called taste buds , and they are part of the tongue.
White tongue: most common causes
Oral yeast infection
It is a yeast or fungal infection that is more common when the body’s defenses are low. Oral thrush , in addition to making the tongue appear white, produces canker sores, which are small ulcers that can appear anywhere in the oral cavity and are usually very painful.
Bad taste in the mouth, burning, bad breath , difficulty swallowing properly, and sensitivity to heat and cold are other symptoms of this condition.
Treatment : Oral thrush should be treated through the use of antibiotics. It is also recommended to eat yogurt to balance the amount of microbes in the mouth. The specialist may recommend the use of antifungal mouthwashes or antifungal capsule medicine to kill yeast.
The whitish tongue may be accompanied by other symptoms that indicate a stomach condition. For example, if you experience abdominal bloating, gas, nausea and poor appetite, you may be beginning to suffer from gastritis and you don’t know it.
Likewise, one of the diseases that can most affect the oral cavity, including dental health, is gastroesophageal reflux disease (GER) and is characterized by intense acidity after meals due to the return of the juices and contents of the stomach to the esophagus because the lower esophageal sphincter (a kind of valve between the stomach and the esophagus) does not close properly or is defective from birth.
ERG often causes difficulty swallowing, a feeling that food is stuck lower in the throat, nausea after eating, heartburn, hoarseness, night cough, wheezing, asthma, and a sore throat . The acid that is returned to the mouth is the cause of the white color of the tongue.
Treatment : both stomach conditions should be treated by a gastroenterologist specialist who will prescribe a series of medications to improve the digestion of food. In the case of gastritis, it is essential that the person maintain a balanced diet, free of fats, spicy foods, carbonated and alcoholic beverages and fast food.
ERG is a lifelong disease, in some cases it is necessary to perform surgical surgery to reverse the condition and correct the valve. If you suffer from gastroesophageal reflux it is important not to drink liquids during meals, not lie down after eating, avoid consuming any food two hours before sleeping and reduce symptoms with gastric protectors, as recommended by the doctor.
Liver disorders often affect many parts of the body and cause a white tongue. When the liver is not working properly or is oily, a person often experiences indigestion, gas, headache, a bad bitter taste in the mouth and a pasty tongue . To find out if your tongue is white due to liver disease, it is important to go to a specialist to order a series of tests to corroborate the diagnosis.
Treatment for white tongue : the liver is a very delicate organ and its output is closely associated with the diet we carry on a daily basis. For this reason, in addition to the consumption of certain drugs, your doctor will probably recommend you eat a healthy diet, low in fats, high in fiber and vegetables, free of alcoholic beverages and processed foods.
Inadequate oral hygiene
Many people think that brushing the teeth is the only action necessary to keep the oral cavity healthy, and it turns out that it is not. The tongue, like the teeth, gums and palate ( maybe bitter ), is in contact with saliva and the food we eat, therefore, it reserves residues in its structure that we must remove through brushing.
Treatment : within your dental hygiene routine, don’t forget to brush your tongue. Ideally, brush your teeth three times a day, once after breakfast, once after lunch, and the last before bed. The use of dental floss and mouthwash is essential to avoid the accumulation of food residues in the mouth and the excessive formation of dental plaque. Every time you brush your teeth, brush your tongue.
Tobacco, that persistent enemy
Are you a smoker? How many years have you been smoking? How many cigarettes do you consume per day? The answers to all these questions can influence the coloring of your tongue. The damage that tobacco does to the body and general is no secret to anyone and, of course, the mouth is no exception.
Cigarette smoking tends to dry out the tongue and cause a pasty sensation in it, in addition to being able to feel scratchy , as well as changing its color until it becomes white or yellowish.
Treatment : Quitting is the best decision you can make! Decide not only for your tongue, but for the health of your entire body.
Solutions for whitish or yellow speckled or cracked tongue
You may or may not already know what the cause of your white tongue is, but surely you are anxious to discover some way to end this unsightly condition.
The good news is that there are some homemade solutions that can go a long way in bringing your tongue back to its natural color . Of course, these solutions for white tongue will only help you aesthetically, the cause of this condition must be treated and examined by a medical specialist.
- Consume yogurt : Yogurt helps eliminate excess unhealthy yeast in the mouth to regulate the number of microbes in the oral cavity. Have a cup of unsweetened plain yogurt once a day to improve the color of your tongue and the health of your mouth.
- Drink water : many times the white tongue causes dehydration ends up drying the mouth excessively and this affects the structure and color of the tongue. Remember that you should drink at least 2 liters of water every day. Drinking water with lemon will help to get that red tone that your tongue should have.
- Green vegetables and crunchy foods : Vegetables and crunchy foods help clean the tongue when we chew them. He prefers watercress, lettuce, spinach, broccoli and apple, which, in addition to helping to improve the appearance of your tongue, are rich in vitamins and minerals.
- Hygiene : it is necessary to repair this point again. Remember, the best way to start having a healthy tongue is to brush it every day at least three times, as it is possible that little red or white spots may appear on the tongue .
- Coarse salt : Another simple and effective method to eliminate white, pasty and scratchy tongue . The salt has an exfoliating effect on the tongue, naturally scraping away any dirt and bacteria that you may have. It will also help you fight bad breath thanks to its antiseptic properties. To get the most out of it, sprinkle a little (coarse) salt on your tongue and with the help of a toothbrush, rub your tongue a little, making the salt scrape over the whitest areas.
In short, having a white and pasty tongue can mean that you have a health problem. But before getting alarmed, try to use the natural remedies that we have just presented and check if the color persists for several days despite everything. And remember, it is totally normal for the tongue to have a whitish color right after eating.
Hello Readers, I am Nikki Bella a Psychology student. I have always been concerned about human behavior and the mental processes that lead us to act and think the way we do. My collaboration as an editor in the psychology area of Well Being Pole has allowed me to investigate further and expand my knowledge in the field of mental health; I have also acquired great knowledge about physical health and well-being, two fundamental bases that are directly related and are part of all mental health.