Controlling the color of mucus, both in adults and children, is very important, as it is a clear sign of the disease you are suffering from. In the case of yellow snot , the most likely thing is that you have a superinfection and your body is fighting to prevent it. There are different possible scenarios in relation to the color of the mucus: white, yellow, greenish, reddish, brown, black and transparent.
Under normal conditions, mucus is not very solid or very liquid, so it stays in the nose. The fact that they are sticky is because the particles of contamination or microorganisms get stuck to them. Thus, their original white color can take on different shades depending on the substance that adheres to them.
What is mucus and why is it produced?
The main function of mucus is to protect the respiratory system from external agents: microorganisms , pollution, allergens, etc. It acts in a similar way to a spider web, trapping any type of agent of this type. Then, the cilia of the epithelial cells are responsible for dragging them out in the form of mucus.
This substance is made up mostly of water . In addition, it contains a mixture of different lipids, mucopolysaccharides, immunoglobins and glycoproteins. Mucus is generated by epithelial cells in the respiratory system.
It is completely normal to have mucus on a daily basis since this substance acts as a defensive barrier. The problem comes when the amount is higher than usual, the mucus becomes too thick, or changes color.
The importance of snot color
Snot can be classified based on color. When it is not white, it means that there is an infection in the body. When this infection is mild, its color is yellowish.
Meanwhile, yellow mucus responds to a stronger microbial attack. When the hue is greenish, the infection is even more powerful. And if the mucus is black, it may be due to a yeast infection.
- Transparent – Mucus is usually clear in color. However, sometimes it can also be a symptom of illnesses such as colds.
- Yellow: when this substance is yellow in color, it means that the body is fighting an infection.
- Brown – Brown mucus is a dead giveaway that the body has cleared the airways of substances such as tar, nicotine, or dust.
- Reddish: if the mucus is reddish in color, it indicates that there is traces of blood in it. It is not uncommon when the nasal mucosa becomes inflamed due to a cold. If these mucus are accompanied by bloody phlegm, it is necessary to see a doctor.
- Black: As for black mucus, it usually occurs after inhaling smoke in a fire or after spending a long period of time in heavily polluted cities.
What is yellow snot?
The reason why this substance turns yellow is due to the high content of white blood cells , which are responsible for fighting the microorganisms of the infection.
White blood cells are responsible for fighting and eliminating microorganisms and bacteria to deal with the infection. The yellow color in the nasal discharge also indicates that the body is in the process of healing . The safest thing is that after two or a maximum of three weeks the snot will return to being transparent and, in addition, they will appear in less quantity.
If the yellow mucus is accompanied by phlegm when coughing, this substance is another signal of the body’s defense system to expel harmful agents.
Causes of yellow snot
As we have pointed out, the color of the mucus is a clear indication of your state of health. If at any time you secrete yellow mucus , you should know that you suffer from some type of virus or infection in the throat. Although it is not very common, the infection can also be located in other areas of the body, such as the ears or the head.
The common cold is one of the most common illnesses in the world, both in children and adults. Although it can occur at any time of the year, it is more common in winter . The virus responsible for the cold spreads through tiny droplets that are suspended when a sick person coughs or blows their nose.
The most common symptoms of this disorder are: runny nose, nasal congestion, sneezing, sore throat, severe cough and migraine . In the vast majority of cases the cold disappears after a few days. Treatment consists of rest, drinking plenty of fluids, and taking medicine to relieve symptoms.
The sinusitis is a condition in which the inflamed mucosa of the sinuses due to an allergy or a microorganism. Despite not being a serious disorder, it is very annoying because it causes difficulty in breathing.
The most common symptoms of sinusitis are pressure pain in the upper part of the face, as well as a runny nose . In addition, there are those who suffer from fatigue, fever , severe cough and headache. In the case of acute sinusitis, its duration is less than 12 weeks.
Bronchitis is what inflammation of the bronchi is called . The bronchi are the tubes in charge of transporting air both to and from the lungs. With inflammation, the amount of air that enters and leaves the lungs is less. That is why one of the most common symptoms of this disease is the expulsion of phlegm.
The contagion usually occurs through the air, when a person with bronchitis sneezes or coughs. Contagion can also occur through direct contact , with the skin of a person or surface. Regarding the symptoms of the disease, bronchitis causes cough, yellow mucus, respiratory distress and fever.
Yellow mucus can also be due to an allergic reaction to pollen or animal dander, for example.
Symptoms that accompany yellow snot
In the vast majority of cases, yellow mucus appears accompanied by other symptoms such as a severe cough and phlegm. You should pay special attention to whether or not the phlegm contains traces of blood. If so, they could be a symptom of a more serious respiratory disease.
If the yellow mucus lasts more than a week, increases in quantity progressively or changes in thickness, it is recommended that you consult your doctor.
There are certain causes that can cause yellow snot. Treatment consists of drinking large amounts of water to promote nasal decongestion . Also, you can take certain over-the-counter drugs to help decongestion.
Of course, home remedies based on plants and natural ingredients can be of great help in significantly reducing the amount of yellow mucus and thus alleviating symptoms.
If you have yellow snot, you should know that there are a number of home remedies that can help you speed up the healing process and eliminate bacteria. They are remedies made with 100% natural ingredients and that are most effective.
The first and foremost thing is to install a humidifier in your bedroom. In this way, the environment that you will breathe while you sleep will be much more humid, which will be of great help to relieve discomfort and avoid a dry throat. In addition, an environment with optimal humidity levels will favor the decongestion of the nose.
- Elderberry : elderberry is a plant with anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties. With its flowers you can make a homemade infusion to combat yellow snot. Also, if the cause is the common cold, it will help relieve your cough.
- Sage: Sage is characterized by its high content of vitamins A and C, thus strengthening the immune system. In addition, it is anti-inflammatory and antibacterial.
- Ginger : ginger is one of the natural ingredients with the greatest medicinal properties: antibiotic, antitussive and anti-inflammatory. This is an expectorant infusion, which will come in handy to eliminate mucus and strengthen the immune system.
- Melisa: if in addition to yellow mucus you have a cough and a headache, the honeydew infusion is perfect for you. An antibiotic and analgesic home remedy, which will help you eliminate mucus and reduce inflammation of the mucous membranes.
- Thyme: thyme is very effective in fighting any type of infection. If you have a fever, this infusion will lower your body temperature, while decongesting the nose.
If you notice a very stuffy nose, there is a home remedy that is most effective: chew raw garlic first thing in the morning, on an empty stomach. In addition, garlic is a food with antibacterial and antibiotic properties, so it will come in handy to fight bacteria.
Similarly, spicy foods have a great decongestant effect. Without abusing them, they will help you eliminate nasal congestion.
If you want to say goodbye to yellow snot once and for all, try the following home remedy: rinse your nostrils with a solution based on water and sea salt. You will be able to breathe much better and eliminate mucus.
Finally, it should be noted that snot, when present in the right amount, color and texture, is a sign that you are in good health. If not for them, your respiratory system would be exposed to all kinds of infections. They are therefore an excellent protective barrier thanks to defensive cells and antibodies .
So, from now on, pay attention to the color of the snot. And remember, if it is yellow snot , it means that your body is fighting an infection. Most likely, you will notice a great feeling of fatigue for a couple of weeks, but in principle it is not a serious symptom for your health.
Hello Readers, I am Nikki Bella a Psychology student. I have always been concerned about human behavior and the mental processes that lead us to act and think the way we do. My collaboration as an editor in the psychology area of Well Being Pole has allowed me to investigate further and expand my knowledge in the field of mental health; I have also acquired great knowledge about physical health and well-being, two fundamental bases that are directly related and are part of all mental health.